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Political Science & International Relations


The following is the syllabus for Political Science – Main Examination – Paper I and Paper II


Political Theory and Indian Politics

  1. Political Theory: meaning and approaches.
  2. Theories of the State: Liberal, Neo-liberal, Marxist, Pluralist, Post-colonial and feminist.
  3. Justice: Conceptions of justice with special reference to Rawl’s theory of justice and its communitarian critiques.
  4. Equality: Social, political and economic; relationship between equality and freedom; Affirmative action.
  5. Rights: Meaning and theories; different kinds of rights; concept of Human Rights.
  6. Democracy: Classical and contemporary theories; different models of democracy – representative, participatory and deliberative.
  7. Concept of power, hegemony, ideology and legitimacy.
  8. Political Ideologies: Liberalism, Socialism, Marxism, Fascism, Gandhism and Feminism.
  9. Indian Political Thought : Dharamshastra, Arthashastra and Buddhist traditions ; Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Sri Aurobindo, M.K. Gandhi, B.R. Ambedkar, M.N. Roy


Comparative Politics and International Relations

Section-A Comparative Analysis and International Politics

  1. Approaches to the study of comparative politics : traditional approaches; political economy, political sociology or political system approaches; Nature of political process in the Third World.
  2. The Modern State : Evolution, the contemporary trends in the advanced industrial countries and the third world.
  3. Development : Strategies and contemporary discourse.
  4. Concepts of International politics : Power, national interest, balance of power, national security, collective security and peace.
  5. Theories of International politics Marxist, Realist, Systems, Decision-making and Game Theory.
  6. Determinants of foreign policy : Domestic compulsions, geopolitics, geoeconomics and global order.
  7. Origin and contemporary relevance of the Cold War, nature of the post-cold war global order.
  8. Major issues of world politics : Cuban Missile Crisis; Vietnam War, Oil Crisis, Afghan Civil War, Gulf War, Collapse of the Soviet Union, Yugoslav Crisis.
  9. Non-alignment : Concept and movement; Third World Movements for global justice, Non-alignment in the post cold war era.
  10. The evolution of the international economic system-from Bretton woods to WTO, the North-South dimension.
  11. International organisations UN and its specialized agencies : International Court of Justice; ILO, UNICEF, WHO UNESCO.
  12. Regional, organizations such as the ASEAN, APEC, EU, SAARC, NAFTA
  13. Contemporary Global Concerns : Democracy, Human Rights, Ecology, Gender Justice, Global commons, Communication.

Section-B India and the World

  1. Indian Foreign Policy : Historical origins, determinants; the institutions of policy-making; continuity and change.
  2. India and the Non-Alignment Movement : Evolution and contemporary relevance. Socio- political basis of non-alignment-domestic and global.
  3. Major issues in Indian foreign policy : Sino-Indian Border War (1962); Indo-Pakistan War (1971) and the liberation of Bangladesh; IPKF in Sri Lanka; India as military nuclear power (1998).
  4. Conflict and co-operation in South Asia : India’s relations with Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal. Regional co-operation and SAARC. Kashmir question in India’s foreign policy.
  5. India’s relation with Africa and Latin America.
  6. India and South East Asia; ASEAN.
  7. India and the major powers : USA, EU, China, Japan and Russia.
  8. India and the UN System : India’s role in UN Peace Keeping and global disarmament.
  9. India and the emerging international economic order; multilateral agencies-WTO, IMF, IBRD, ADB.
  10. India and the question of nuclear weapons : NPT and CTBT.

The following are simple preparation tips to score well in the Political Science and International Relations Syllabus – Civil Services Examination – Paper I and Paper II.

  1. Read case studies and current affairs from the popular newspapers and magazines to stay updated about the latest government policies.
  2. Solve mock test papers: Candidates should attend mock tests and solve previous year papers. It will increase the accuracy and speed significantly. It also helps in picking out the most appropriate option in the exam.
  3. You need to be strong in your basics.

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