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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS ANALYSIS

25 APRIL 2022

. No.Topic NamePrelims/Mains
1.    DETAILS OF THE DENGUE FEVER OUTBREAKPrelims & Mains
2.    ABOUT THE DRAFT PROTECTION AND ENFORCEMENT OF INTERESTS IN AIRCRAFT OBJECTS BILL 2022Prelims & Mains
3.    DETAILS OF THE CHINA PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDORPrelims & Mains
4.    ABOUT THE METEOR SHOWERPrelims Specific Topic
5.    ABOUT GO 111Prelims Specific Topic

 

1 – DETAILS OF THE DENGUE FEVER OUTBREAK: 

GS II

Health Related Issues

  • Context:
  • Even before the monsoon arrived, Rajasthan reported 467 dengue cases from January 1 to April 12.
  • Dengue fever was recognised a perennial ailment in the state in 2018.
  • It’s also an illness that has to be reported.
  • Each dengue case must be reported to the health department by doctors and diagnostic institutes.
  • What is the source of concern:
  • The fact that Aedes aegypti mosquitoes transmit dengue fever even in the winter and before the rainy season is a source of concern for the health department. The situation, however, is not alarming.
  • What is the main cause of the dengue fever outbreak in the state:
  • Inadequate mosquito breeding site reduction and adult control procedures.
  • Control measures in that area are neglected.
  • Unprecedented increases in human population.
  • Rapid and unplanned urbanisation.
  • Inadequate garbage disposal.
  • Due to man-made, ecological, and lifestyle changes, vector mosquito distribution and populations have increased.
  • About Dengue Fever:
  • Dengue fever is a disease that affects people all around the world
  • Dengue fever is spread through the bite of a female Aedes (Aedes) mosquito.
  • Aedes is a day feeder with a maximum flight distance of 400 metres.
  • Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne disease that causes minor sickness in most people. However, severe dengue infections can be fatal.
  • Dengue fever has an annual incidence of 100-400 million cases, according to WHO estimates, with the global incidence increasing substantially “in recent decades.”
  • Source – The Hindu

2 – ABOUT THE DRAFT PROTECTION AND ENFORCEMENT OF INTERESTS IN AIRCRAFT OBJECTS BILL 2022:

GS II

Government Policies and Interventions

  • Context:
  • The Ministry of Civil Aviation has requested feedback on the proposed Protection and Enforcement of Interests in Aircraft Objects Bill, 2022, from stakeholders.
  • The following are some of the bill’s highlights:
  • The bill puts into effect the terms of the Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment and Protocol on Matters Specific to Aircraft Equipment, which were approved in 2001 during a meeting in Cape Town.
  • In 2008, India signed both instruments.
  • These give the creditor default remedies and establish a legal framework for resolving disputes.
  • When implemented, the regulation will make it easier for international aircraft leasing companies to repossess and transfer planes out of India in the event of a financial dispute with an Indian airline, at a time when many regional carriers are being denied jets to hire.
  • Repossession of an aviation object, its sale or lease, or the collection of cash from its usage, as well as de-registration and export of planes, are all options under the proposed law.
  • It also offers remedies pending final adjudication of a claim and protects a debtor’s claim against an Indian buyer during bankruptcy proceedings.
  • A requirement for:
  • Several Indian regulations, including the Companies Act of 2013 and the Insolvency and

Bankruptcy Code of 2016, are in violation with the Cape Town Convention and Protocol, according to the ministry.

  • According to the report, Indian companies have suffered as a result of international financial institutions’ demands for enacting regulations.
  • The Cape Town Convention on International Interests in Mobile Equipment:
  • It is an international treaty that aims to simplify moveable property transactions.
  • The Convention and Protocol have been signed and ratified by 83 countries, including India.
  • The treaty establishes international standards for the registration of contracts of sale (including dedicated registration agencies), security interests, leases, and conditional sales contracts, as well as a variety of legal remedies for default in financing agreements, such as repossession and the impact of specific state bankruptcy laws.
  • The convention has four protocols that are specific to four different types of moveable equipment:
  • Aircraft Instrumentation (aircraft and aircraft engines; signed in 2001).
  • Rolling stock for railways (signed in 2007).
  • Assets in space (signed in 2012).
  • Equipment for Mining, Agriculture, and Construction (signed in 2019).
  • Source – The Hindu

3 – DETAILS OF THE CHINA PAKISTAN ECONOMIC CORRIDOR:

GS II

International Relations

  • Context:
  • The China-Pakistan Economic Corridor Authority has been decommissioned by Pakistan’s new administration, with the planning minister claiming it was a “redundant organisation” that squandered resources and slowed the implementation of the ambitious regional connectivity plan.
  • Background:
  • The CPEC Authority was founded by an ordinance in 2019 with the goal of speeding up CPEC-related activities, identifying new growth drivers, and harnessing the potential of interconnected production networks and global value chains through regional and worldwide connectivity.
  • About CPEC:
  • The CPEC, which began operations in 2015, is the centrepiece of China’s multibillion-dollar Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), a pet project of Chinese President Xi Jinping aimed at increasing Beijing’s global influence through China-funded infrastructure projects.
  • Highways, trains, and pipelines make up the 3,000-kilometer China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC).
  • Through a huge network of highways and railways, CPEC aspires to connect the city of Gwadar in South Western Pakistan to China’s North Western region of Xinjiang.
  • The proposed project will be financed using significantly subsidised loans from Chinese banks, which will be disbursed to the Pakistani government.
  • Why is India concerned:
  • It makes its way through PoK.
  • CPEC is based on a Chinese strategy to secure and shorten supply routes through Gwadar, as well as a stronger presence in the Indian Ocean. As a result, it is widely assumed that, after CPEC is completed, a large Chinese presence in the Indian Ocean will weaken India’s power.
  • It is also being said that if CPEC succeeds in transforming Pakistan’s economy, it will be a “red rag” for India, which will continue to be the recipient of a wealthier and stronger Pakistan.
  • Furthermore, India has a significant trust deficit with both China and Pakistan, as well as a history of violence with both. As a result, despite calls for a more pragmatic approach to the project, no advocate has been able to overcome the fundamental threads of conflict that continue to plague India’s relations with China and Pakistan.
  • Source – The Hindu

4 – ABOUT THE METEOR SHOWER:

Prelims Specific Topic

  • Context:
  • Lyric Meteor Showers peaked in Indian sky on April 22nd and will continue to pass through at a rate of roughly 10-15 meteors per hour until April 29th.
  • Lyrids are fragments of Comet Thatcher, which is now orbiting the earth at a distance of 1,60,00,000 kilometres.
  • Comet Thatcher, which is currently heading away from the Sun, will begin its return journey in 45 years.
  • Storm vs. Meteor Shower:
  • A Leonid shower becomes a meteor storm every 33 years, when hundreds to thousands of

meteors can be observed every hour.

  • At least 1,000 meteors per hour are required in a meteor storm. A Leonid storm in 1966 provided views of thousands of meteors per minute falling through the Earth’s atmosphere over a 15-minute span.
  • The last time this happened was in 2002
  • What are meteor showers and how do they happen?
  • Comets release particles of rock and ice as they move around their orbits around the sun, forming meteors.
  • When Earth travels through the debris path left behind by a comet or an asteroid, meteor showers occur.
  • What Do the Terms Asteroid, Comet, Meteoroid, Meteor, and Meteorite Mean?
  • Asteroid is a rocky body orbiting the Sun that is generally tiny and inactive.
  • Comet: A small, active object whose ices can evaporate in sunlight, generating a dust and gas atmosphere (coma) and, occasionally, a tail of dust and/or gas.
  • A meteoroid is a tiny asteroid or comet that orbits the Sun.
  • Meteor: A shooting star is a light phenomenon that occurs when a meteoroid enters the Earth’s atmosphere and vaporises.
  • A meteoroid that survives its journey through the Earth’s atmosphere and arrives on the surface is known as a meteoroid.
  • Source – The Hindu

5 – ABOUT GO 111:

Prelims Specific Topic

  • Why is this in the news:
  • The Telangana administration has been chastised by environmentalists and activists for retracting the directive.
  • They claim that this will devastate the fragile environment in the area.
  • About Go 111:
  • The government of old (undivided) Andhra Pradesh issued the GO 111 order on March 8, 1996, prohibiting the establishment of industries, residential colonies, hotels, and other structures within a 10-kilometer radius of the Osman Sagar and Himayat Sagar lakes’ catchment areas.
  • The reservoirs were built to defend Hyderabad from floods by damming the Musi (also known as Moosa or Muchkunda) river, a major tributary of the Krishna.
  • During the reign of the last nizam, Osman Ali Khan, the lakes were formed (1911-48).
  • Source – The Hindu

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