Practice Question GS Mains

GEOGRAPHY OF WORLD & HISTORY

    1. All questions are Complusory
    2.The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.
    3.Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this 4.Question- cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authority One.
    4.Answers to Questions No.1 to 10,should be in 150 words, whereas answers to questions No.11 to 20, should be in 250 Words.
    5.Keep the word limit indicated in the questions in mind
    6.Any page or portion of the page left blank in the Question- cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off

IAS MAINS TEST SERIES - 2020
GENERAL STUDIES –GEOGRAPHY OF WORLD & HISTORY

1.Moderates although deemed to be unsuccessfull, have  played a Vital role in furthuring the nationalistic feeling amongst  the masses . Analyse.(10 Marks)
2.The Munity of 1857 was significant but could not achieve any immediate credible goals. Elucidate.(10 Marks)
The aspirations of the Indian National Congress have been ambigious and Contradictory since its inception in 1885. Do you agree give suitable examples.(10 Marks)
3.The lucknow Session of the INC in 1916 has been a landmark event with respect  to national unity. Explain(10 Marks)
4.The Civil Disobedience movement transformed the basic character of the struggle from an organisational to mass movement .(10 Marks)
5.The Religious and social policies of Brahmosamaj and Aryasamaj seem more similar although operating during different times. Analyse(10 Marks)
6.What were the factors that led to the formulation of Government of India Act – 1919.What were the benefits of this act ?(10 Marks)
7.The partition of Bengal , introduced a marked shift in the policies of the Indian National Congress . Do you agree ? Substantiate(10 Marks)
8.The Rajaji Formula and Wavell plan ultimately failed to achieve their objectives . Highlight the major provisions of both of them .(10 Marks)
9The Role of the Home Rule League was vital in exherting a continued pressure on the British , When no other organisation seemed active during the same time . Explain (10 Marks)
10.Do you think that the pattern of Indian monsoon has changed in past decade? Discuss how it impacts various facets of our lives. (15 Marks)
11.How are integrated steel plants different from mini steel plants? What problems does the industry face? What recent developments have led to a rise in the production capacity? (15 Marks)
12.What is ‘e-waste’? Discuss its impact on the environment and human health. What are the steps taken by the government to tackle the problem of e-waste? (15 Marks)
13.Which factors impact the ocean currents formation and how do they influence climate in different regions of the world?(15 Marks)
14.Enumerate the reasons for migration in India. Also discuss various challenges that migrant population faces. (15 Marks)
15.The impact of floods on life and property can be most effectively reduced by hazard mapping. Comment.(15 Marks)
16.How are ocean waves formed? Distinguish between a wave of oscillation and a wave of translation(15 Marks)
17.Explain the relationship between net reproductive rate (NRR) and true replacement level of population.(15 Marks)
Explain the demographic transition theory.(15 Marks)
18.Discuss about Heat Budget, and impact of Global warming in global climate(15 Marks)

INDIAN POLITY

1.All questions are Complusory
2.The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.
3.Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this 4.Question- cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authority One.
5.Answers to Questions No.1 to 10,should be in 150 words, whereas answers to questions No.11 to 20,should be in 250 Words.
6.Keep the word limit indicated in the questions in mind
7.Any page or portion of the page left blank in the Question- cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off

IAS MAINS TEST SERIES - 2020
GENERAL STUDIES - INDIAN POLITY

1.The 73rd constitutional amendment act has fallen short of achieving its anticipated goals. Discuss                                                                                                             ( 10 Marks )
2.In light of recent events,explain the measures initiated to control the political funding in India.                                                                                                 (10Marks)
3.Critically evaluate the proposal to conduct simultaneous elections to both Parliament and state legislatures. (10Marks)
4.The pressure groups play a vital role in the formulation of the policies of the government.Discuss with suitable examples.     (10Marks)
5.The constitution envisages India as a union of states rather than the federation of states. Explain.                                                                                                 (10Marks )
6.The conflicts between the lieutenant governor and the chief ministers in the union territories have had adverse impacts on their administration. Discuss. (10Marks )
7.The constitution of India attaches high significance to the office of Comptroller and auditor general of IndiaEvaluate. (10Marks )
The Central Bureau of investigation is ridden in deficiencies even beyond the centre’s control. Explain with suitable examples. (10Marks )
8.The Governors seem to act more as the agent of the centre rather than the Constitutional head of the state. Explain. (10Marks )
Critically discuss the implications of the contemporary activism in the Vice president’s office with respect to the Constitutional provisions. (10Marks )
9.In the context of the recent events, discuss the role of the speaker as the central authority in the legislative body. ( 15Marks)
10.The Supreme Court’s activism beyond its mandate is bound to create ambiguity/confusion in the balance of powers amongst different wings of the government. Discuss. ( 15Marks)
11.The election commission of India should function as an independent constitutional body without any external influences. Explain in the context of the recent events. ( 15Marks)
12.The Recurrent imposition of the Presidents rule has been a hurdle in the achievement of the true spirit of federalism. Critically evaluate.              ( 15Marks)
13.Bring out the Multifunctional role performed by the Parliament of India.( 15Marks)
14.The Politics of coalition is against the principle of democratic establishment. Discuss.
( 15Marks)

15.It is said that the Parliament of India is losing its relevance in the face of the Union Executives unabridged powers. Evaluate. ( 15Marks)
16.What are the most striking features of the Fundamental duties in the constitution? Are they relevant today in the face of changing political scenario? ( 15Marks)
17.Critically analyse the progress achieved in the centre-state relations from co-operative federalism to competitive federalism. ( 15Marks)
18.The struggle within the judiciary leads to chaos in the society.Explain with suitable examples.                                                                                     ( 15Marks)

Heritage , Culture & Society

1.All questions are Complusory
2.The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.
3.Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question- cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authorityOne.
4.Answers to Questions No.1 to 10 Should be in 150 words, whereas answers to questions No.11 to 20 Should be in 250 Words.
5.Keep the word limit indicated in the questions in mind
6.Any page or portion of the page left blank in theQuestion- cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off

IAS MAINS TEST SERIES - 2020
GENERAL STUDIES - HERITAGE, CULTURE & SOCIETY

1.Safeguarding the Indian art heritage is the need of the moment. Discuss (10 MARKS)
2.Early Buddhist Stupa-art, while depicting folk motifs and narratives successfully expounds Buddhist ideals. Elucidate.(10 MARKS)
3.Krishnadeva Raya, the King of Vijayanagar, was not only an accomplished scholar himself but was also a great patron of learning and literature. Discuss.(10 MARKS)
4.”India is a country known for its music sense.” Discuss various music forms of India.(10 MARKS)
5.To what extent has the urban planning and culture of the Indus Valley Civilization provided inputs to the present day urbanization? Discuss.(10 MARKS)
6.Greek and Roman literary account proved extremely useful in writing the history of Ancient India? Discuss.(10 MARKS)
7.Kabir was one of the chief exponents of the Bhakti movement in the medieval period. Discuss the Relevance of the teachings of Kabir in Contemporary India?(10 MARKS)
8.Inlight of recent events , write a brief note on LadakhiShondol. (10 MARKS)
9.”India is a peaceful nation for centuries”. Explain in the context of Buddhism.(10 MARKS)
Write a brief note on GurunankDev’s teachings and its impact on Sikhism.(10 MARKS)
10.Brief note on Navrozfestival and its significance(15 MARKS)
11.”The mughal architecture has a significant influence on the buildings of India”. Explain(15 MARKS)
12.”Kharchi puja is an important festival in tripura”. Explain.(15 MARKS)
13.” The Chola bronze sculptures among the most sought-after collectors’ items by art lovers all over the world” Discuss.(15 MARKS)
14.Brief note on Vivekadeepini. (15 MARKS)
15.Discuss the significance of Sufi & Bhakti movement in bringing about new forms of religious expression amongst Muslims & Hindus in India.(15 MARKS)
16.”Even though classical dances of India involve both the feminine and masculine aspects of the divine couple: Shiva- & Shakti or 17.Radha& Krishna, the current state of gender in classical Indian dance has become female-skewed” Discuss.(15 MARKS)
18.”Sanskrit and Tamil are among the longest surviving classical languages in the world, but as we begin to measure their growth from medieval to modern India, the Sanskrit literature has declined at a faster rate than Tamil.” Explain.(15 MARKS)
19.Discuss the status, challenges and potential of regional cinema in India.(15 MARKS)
20.Examine the spiritual significance of the KumbhMela.(15 MARKS)

Science & Technology

1.All questions are Complusory
2.The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.
3.Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this 4.Question- cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authority One.
5.Answers to Questions No.1 to 10,should be in 150 words, whereas answers to questions No.11 to 20, should be in 250 Words.
6.Keep the word limit indicated in the questions in mind
7.Any page or portion of the page left blank in the Question- cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off

IAS MAINS TEST SERIES - 2020
GENERAL STUDIES - SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY & DISASTER
MANAGEMENT

  1. For India’s space economy to mature, it is important to acknowledge that space is not only for engineers and scientists – it needs to include researchers in the social and political sciences as well. Discuss(10 Marks )
  2. Examine the science and objectives of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatories (LIGO) collaboration, and the role played by India’s physics community in this collaboration.(10 Marks )
  3. 3.What are Light Water Reactors (LWRs)? Why is India importing light water reactors (LWR) from US and France and how will LWRs fit into India’s three-stage nuclear programme ? Examine. (10 Marks )
  4. 4.The National Disaster Management Plan needs to be supplemented by national roadmaps for disaster resilience with clear goals, targets, timeframe, and ideas about how resources shall be mobilised for implementation. Discuss (10 Marks )
  5. 5.Incidents of landslides in India are increasing because of landscape modification by  human interventions/activities. In the light of guidelines of NDMA, discuss the  measures to mitigate them. (10 Marks )
  6. 6.India’s dream of human space flight is taking the debate of science versus development too far. In this context also analyseindigenisation of space technology and success and failures  of ISRO so far?(10 marks )
  7. 7.Machine learning and artificial intelligence will transform businesses and governance.  Discuss. What are the potential uses of AI in governance sector? (10 marks )
  8. 8.Most parts of India are ill-prepared to tackle epidemic breakouts like nipah virus. Bring out
  9. key guidelines of NDMA for epidemic breakouts and suggest policy measures for suitable
  10. preparation. (10 Marks )
  11. 9.Briefly explain the concept of Augmented Reality. Also discuss the possible applications.
  12. (10 Marks )
  13. 10.Enumerate the achievements of Vikram Sarabhai and C.N.R. Rao.   (10 Marks )
  14. 11.Explain the potential of industry 4.0 with respect to biotechnology. Is it right to say that
  15. India has taken the right approach of balancing artificial and natural therapeutic medicines
  16. such as bio-similars and Indian System of medicine?   ( 15 Marks)
  17. 12.Disaster in Southern states along Western Ghats, was partly natural and partly man-made.
  18. The problem was compounded by frequent landslides and ineffective reservoir management.
  19. Analysing the reasons responsible, suggest corrective measures for the effectively.          (15 Marks)
  20. Discuss the significance of oxytocin. What are the challenges associated with it that led to ban on manufacturing of it by the pharmaceuticals in india? Discuss the possible solutions to such concerns. ( 15 Marks)
  21. What do you understand by space tourism? Discuss its origin and explain what can the space tourist look forward to and the benefits of future of flying tourists into space.(15 Marks)
  22. Disaster preparedness should be embedded into development planning of a country, but in
  23. most cases flawed development planning and policies itself invites much of the disaster.
  24. Discuss and illustrate in Indian perspective(15 Marks)
  25. 16.Crypto currencies are hailed as the future of digital currency. In light of the government’s aim to go cashless, discuss whether a Central Bank Digital Currency would help India achieve this aim? (15 Marks)
  26. 17.What do you understand by DNA profiling? Discuss critically objectives of the
  27. DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2018 and concerns raised
  28. against this Bill. (15 Marks)
  29. 18.Indian society is a blend of scientific and non-scientific discourse”. In the light of the statement assess the development of scientific temper as enshrined in our constitution. (15 Marks)
  30. 19.Biig data innovations, viz. large data sets from mobile phone tracking to satellite platforms reveal patterns, trends, and associations of disaster risks. Discuss the importance of Big Data in handling disasters.    (15 Marks)
  31. 20.Of late incidents of forest fire are on the rise. Discuss the causes behind forest fires,
  32. approaches of fighting forest fires and ways of mitigating them? (15 marks)

INTERNATIONAL RELATION & SECURITY

  1. Increasing interest of India in Africa has its pros and cons. Critically examine(15Marks )
  1. Terrorist activities and mutual distrust have clouded India-Pakistan relations. To what extent the use of soft power like sports and cultural exchanges could help generate goodwill between the two countries? Discuss with suitable examples.. (15Marks )
  1. “Compared to the South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA), the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multisectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation Free Trade Area (BIMSTEC FTA) seems to be more promising.” Critically  evaluate (15 Marks )
  1. The time has come for India and Japan to build a strong contemporary relationship, one involving global and strategic partnership that will have a great significance for Asia and the world as a whole. Comment.             (15Marks )
  1. Too little cash, too much politics, leaves UNESCO fighting for life.’ Discuss the statement in the light of US’ withdrawal and its accusation of the cultural body as being ‘anti-Israel bias’.(15Marks )
  1. Evaluate the economic and strategic dimensions of India’s Look East Policy in the context of the post Cold War international scenario. (15Marks )
  1. The question of India’s Energy Security Constitutes the most important part of India’s economic progress. Analyse India’s energy policy cooperation with West Asian countries.  (15Marks )
  1. “What introduces friction into the ties between India and the United States is that Washington is still unable to find for India a position in its global strategy, which would satisfy India’s National self-esteem and ambitions” Explain with suitable examples. (15Marks )
  1. Indian Diaspora has an important role to play in South East Asian countries economy and society. Appraise the role of Indian Diaspora in South-East Asia in this context. (15Marks )
  1. ‘The long-sustained image of India as a leader of the oppressed and marginalised nations has disappeared on account of its new found role in the emerging global order.’ Elaborate.  (15 Marks )
  1. ‘China is using its economic relations and positive trade surplus as tools to develop potential military power status in Asia’. In the light of this statement, discuss its impact on India as her neighbour.             ( 10 Marks)
  1. “India’s relations with Israel have, of late, acquired a depth and diversity, which cannot be rolled back.” Discuss. ( 10 Marks)
  1. Discuss the potential threats of Cyber attack and the security framework to prevent it ( 10Marks)
  1. > The banning of ‘Jamaat-e-islaami’ in Jammu and Kashmir brought into focus the role of over-ground workers (OGWs) in assisting terrorist organizations. Examine the role played by OGWs in assisting terrorist organizations in insurgency affected areas. Discuss measures to neutralize the influence of OGWs.                                     ( 10 Marks)
  1. > Which forces are responsible for internal security of the country? Discuss their significance in maintaining peace and harmony. (10 Marks)
  1. Left Wing Extremism (LWE) is showing a downward trend, but still effects many parts of the country. Briefly explain the government of India’s approach to counter the challengers post by LWE.   (10 Marks)
  1.  ‘Terrorism is emerging as a competitive industry over the last few decades.” Analyse the above statement. (10 Marks)
  1. Indian government has recently strengthed the anti-terrorism laws by amending the unlawful activities (Prevention) Act, (UAPA), 1967 and the NIA Act. Analyze the changes in the context of prevailing security environment while discussing scope and reasons for opposing the UAPA by human rights organisations. (10 Marks)
  1. strong> Border management is a complex task due to difficult terrain and hostile relations with some countries. Elucidate the challenges and strategies for effective border management.(10 Marks)
  1. Cross-border movement of insurgents is only one of the several security challenges facing the policing of the border in North-East India. Examine the various challenges currently emanating across the India-Myanmar border. Also, discuss the steps to counter the challenges.                                                  (10 Marks)

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