How to Read News Paper

How to Read News Paper

  • Daily News paper reading and analyzing is first and foremost step to to qualify in exam like IAS and other State level Group I Examination, there is lot of techniques to read newspaper without loosing much time , because the time is the key to reach better info for exam
  • candidates need to know WHAT NOT TO READ than WHAT TO READ IN NEWSPAPER
  • In global IAS we follow systematic assignment on HOW TO READ NEWSPAPER  for the beginner in first 3 weeks of basic foundation Programme, in that students will process daily specific task in newspaper as per the expert guidance with the help of MIND MAP
  • News articles need to be study as per the requirement of IAS Syllabus in GS under various category like
  • Indian Constitution
  • Science & tech
  • Environmental Issue
  • Internal Security
  • Sports News
  • Economics
  • latest Govt Schemes & policies
  • Defense Related
  • International Relations and Etc
  • Candidates need to understand the following feature & that can be done with our assignment effectively
  1. why these above sections are important,
  2. how it can be utilized,
  3. where it is coming in syllabus or in Exam, 
  4. What is it all about
  5. When its applicable
  • under the above method the topics need to be analysed thread bare  for Prelims perspective and Mains perspective separately.
  • for complete thread bare analysis of Daily Newspaper 

SAMPLE NEWSPAPER ANALYSIS -THE HINDU 

TOPIC: GS 2 Functions and Responsibilities of the Union and the States, Issues and Challenges Pertaining to the Federal Structure, Devolution of Powers and Finances up to Local Levels and Challenges Therein

Supreme Court has boosted independence of State Election Commission in holding local body elections

What is the news?

Goa government asking its Law secretary to hold additional charge as State Election Commissioner as a “mockery of the constitutional mandate”.

Problems in Local Self Government

  • There is inadequate of devolution of power to local bodies
  • Lack of autonomy , they functions is that manner in which their representatives are elected often by political leaders
  • Local polls are often marred by violence, and charges of arbitrary delimitation and reservation of wards

State Election commission

  • A key factor in any local body polls being conducted in a free and fair manner
  • State Election commissioner , the authority that supervises the elections , is independent and autonomous
  • The Constitution of India vests in the State Election Commission, consisting of a State Election Commissioner, the superintendence, direction and control of the preparation of electoral rolls for, and the conduct of all elections to the Panchayats and the Municipalities (Articles 243K, 243ZA).
  • The State Election Commissioner is appointed by the Governor.

Problem: 

  • Most Regime in the states appoint senior bureaucrats from among their favourite to the office .
  • Routine exercises such as delimiting wards , rotating the wards reserved for women and schedule caste and fixing dates for election become controversy , believed it is being done in interest of ruling party

Solution by SC

By invoking article 142 of the constitution, the court has asked all State election commissioners who are under direct control of state government to step down from the post

Way forward

Supreme court order cleared that state government will now have to find  a way to appoint to the office only those who are no more serving state government  and truly independent and not beholden to any manner

Mains question

State Election commissioners have to be independent person. Discuss

Source : https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/poll-position-on-sc-order-on-local-body-elections/article34077727.ece

https://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/2021/mar/13/state-election-commissioners-have-to-be-independent-persons-supreme-court-2276190.html

TOPIC: 2 Bilateral, Regional and Global Groupings and Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

A giant leap forward for QUAD

What is the news?

The productive dialogue and substantive joint statement for the summit show the QUAD grouping’s significance

QUAD –Geopolitics

  • The Indian ocean tsunami of 2004 triggered cooperation among the navies and governments of the QUAD powers
  • Change in 2017 Beijing behaviour turned hostile climaxing in multiple challenges in 2020 including adventurism in eastern Ladakh

       Five highlights

  • A more sophisticated approach is being invented with enhanced emphasis by US on carrying its allies and strategic partner together in Indo pacific region (free ,open , inclusive , healthy anchored by democratic values)
  • QUAD gave hints on score , reinforced by phrases such as “ security challenges”, and the “ rules based maritime order in the East and south china sea
  • Group explains the special initiative to ensure equitable access to COVID -19 vaccines for every person in need in the region from western pacific to eastern Africa
  • Establishment of three working group on vaccine partner , climate change ,and the critical and emerging technologies and their new standards , innovation, and supply chain
  • The careful choice of themes reflects a deep understanding of long term challenges posed by china and has global implications

China prospect on QUAD

The Chinese see India as “negative asset of BRICS and SCO”, and also moving close with US having bearing effect . The summit has been watched closely by ASEAN capitals and few of them may express cautious welcome

Way forward

The summit and “The spirit of the Quad” the inspired title of the joint statement represented a giant leap forward. It is time to back political commitment with strong mix of resolve, energy, stamina, and the fresh ideas of stakeholders and the expert outside of government to fulfill the promise of the quad

Mains question

Quad is used as weapon to counter China. Analyze

Source: https://www.timesnownews.com/international/article/quad-some-nations-trying-to-sow-discord-among-regional-countries-by-hyping-china-threat-beijing/732915

https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/quad-summit-small-cliques-will-destroy-international-order-says-china/article34076342.ece

TOPIC:  GS Issues Relating to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Global leader in the post Covid era

What is the news?

During the pandemic, India has initiated education reforms and become the pharmacy of the world

Reforms in health sector

  • Indian initiatives of making vaccines making vaccines widely available for other developing countries firmly established India as “ pharmacy of the world “ sent medical products dealt with as global public goods
  • By beginning of pandemic India been leading global efforts to mitigate challenges by supplying medicines and generic drugs
  • IIT came up with incredible innovation like low cost portable ventilators , affordable AI based COVID -19 kits , drones for sanitization and cheap and effective PPE kits and masks

Reforms in education sector

  • National Education Policy 2020 aims at improving the research and innovation landscape in India
  • Proposes higher education institution focus on research and innovation by established start up incubation centres, technology development centre and interdisciplinary research.
  • To attain the highest global standard in education , NEP also recommends set up of multidisciplinary education and research universities on the par of IIM & IIT
  • National Research foundation will be established under principal scientific adviser with 50000 Crore outlay.

Mains question

Bring out the reform bought post Covid in education and health sector.

Source : https://www.financialexpress.com/education-2/nep-will-make-indian-universities-global/2212725/

https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/global-leader-in-the-post-covid-era/article34076871.ece

PRELIMS PUNCHERS

  1. POSCO

The POCSO Act, 2012 is a comprehensive law to provide for the protection of children

from the offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment and pornography, while safeguarding the interests of the child at every stage of the judicial process by incorporating child-friendly mechanisms for reporting, recording of evidence, investigation and speedy trial of offences through designated Special Courts. The said Act defines a child as any person below eighteen years of age, and defines different forms of sexual abuse, It is gender-neutral and thus looks into the sexual assault of both minor boys and girls.

Source : https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/centre-notifies-new-pocso-rules-making-law-for-sexual-offences-against-children-more-stringent/article31057884.ece

 

  1. Haryana and Tamil Nadu institutes get national importance tag

National institute of food technology entrepreneurship and management bill 2019 confers the status of national importance on two food technology institutes at Kundli in Haryana and Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu

All the national policies of national importance would be implemented and reservation would be applicable in the institute

  1. Air bubble or travel corridor

Air bubbles or travel corridors are systems established between two countries that perceive each other to be safe and allow carriers of both the countries to fly passengers either way without any restrictions. The Baltic countries of Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia were the first ones to create an air bubble, allowing free travel among themselves, while restricting outsiders

India had initially established travel bubbles with the United States, Germany and France. Since the, India has formed agreements with 27 other nations — United Kingdom, Canada, the Maldives, UAE, Qatar, Bahrain, Nigeria, Iraq, Afghanistan and Japan.

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/parliament-proceedings-45-million-indians-brought-back-home-during-pandemic-jaishankar/article34074940.ece

  1. Great Indian Bustard

The great Indian bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps) or Indian bustard is a bustard found on the Indian subcontinent. A large bird with a horizontal body and long bare legs, giving it an ostrich like appearance, this bird is among the heaviest of the flying birds. Once common on the dry plains of the Indian subcontinent. The species is critically endangered by hunting and loss of its habitat, which consists of large expanses of dry grassland and scrub. These birds are often found associated in the same habitat as blackbuck. It is protected under Wildlife Protection Act 1972 of India. The bird is found in Rajasthan, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat states of India.

Source : https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/supreme-court-steps-in-to-protect-great-indian-bustard/article34075031.ece

  1. India’s arms import down by 33%

India continues to remain the second largest arms importer after Saudi Arabia report from Swedish think tank Stockholm international peace research institute. Russia is largest arms supplier in terms but decreased by 53%. The US was the largest supplier that lowered by 46%.

TOP SUPPLIERS

  • Russia
  • France
  • Israel
  • France

Source : https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/indias-arms-imports-decreased-by-33-between-201115-and-201620/article34075506.ece

 

PRELIMS QUESTION

  1. Consider the following statement  with reference to Great Indian bustard
  1. These birds are often found associated in the same habitat as blackbuck.
  2. species is endangered by hunting and loss of its habitat, which consists of large expanses of dry grassland and scrub.

Select the correct statement using code given below.

(a). 1only       (b) 2 only

(c). Both     (d). None of the above

Answer : B

The great Indian bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps) or Indian bustard is a bustard found on the Indian subcontinent. A large bird with a horizontal body and long bare legs, giving it an ostrich like appearance, this bird is among the heaviest of the flying birds. Once common on the dry plains of the Indian subcontinent. The species is critically endangered by hunting and loss of its habitat, which consists of large expanses of dry grassland and scrub. These birds are often found associated in the same habitat as blackbuck. It is protected under Wildlife Protection Act 1972 of India. The bird is found in Rajasthan, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat states of India

  1. Consider the following statement  with reference to State election commission
  1. State Election Commissioner shall not be removed from his/her office except in like manner and on the like grounds as a Judge of a High Court.
  2. State Election Commission consisting of a State Election Commissioner to be removed by the Governor.

Select the correct statement using code given below.

(a). 1only       (b) 2 only

(c). Both     (d). None of the above

Answer : a

  • A key factor in any local body polls being conducted in a free and fair manner
  • State Election commissioner , the authority that supervises the elections , is independent and autonomous
  • The Constitution of India vests in the State Election Commission, consisting of a State Election Commissioner, the superintendence, direction and control of the preparation of electoral rolls for, and the conduct of all elections to the Panchayats and the Municipalities (Articles 243K, 243ZA).
  • The State Election Commissioner is appointed by the Governor.
  • State Election Commissioner shall not be removed from his/her office except in like manner and on the like grounds as a Judge of a High Court.
  • State Election Commission consisting of a State Election Commissioner to be removed by the President

Register Now