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Section-wise CLAT Exam Syllabus – UG

The CLAT UG 2025 exam will be a two-hour test with 120 multiple-choice questions carrying one mark each. There will be a negative marking of 0.25 marks for every wrong answer. The questions will include five subjects legal reasoning, English language, current affairs, including general knowledge, and quantitative techniques.

UG-CLAT 2025 will assess candidates reasoning and comprehension abilities. Rather than assessing prior knowledge, it tests aptitude and skills necessary for legal education.

Below are the five exam sections in the CLAT UG Syllabus:

English language:

This section will include passages of about 450 words each which will be derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and
non-fiction writing. The passages will be suited to students in the 12th standard who should be able to read them in 5-7 minutes. There
will be a series of questions following the passage that will require students to demonstrate their comprehension and language skills,

Identify and comprehend the main point discussed in the passage, along with any arguments and viewpoints set forth
Analyze the passage and draw conclusions

Summarise the passage

Compare and contrast the different arguments or viewpoints presented in the passage.

Interpret the meaning of the passager’s words and phrases in light of their context.

CLAT English language syllabus key topics

CLAT Syllabus for English language aspirants should focus on the following topics while preparing for the exam. Make sure you check the CLAT eligibility details before applying to avoid last-minute cancellations.

Synonyms and


Fill in the blanks
Spotting grammar mistakes
Active and passive voice.

Correcting incorrect
grammar sentences

Synonyms and


Fill in the blanks
Spotting grammar mistakes
Active and passive voice.

Correcting incorrect
grammar sentences

Current Affairs, Including General Knowledge

This section on current affairs and general knowledge will include passages of up to 450 words each. The passages will be drawn from non-fiction writing, journalistic sources, and news articles. Legal information or knowledge discussed in or related to the passage will be examined. Each passage will be followed by a series of questions. You will be tested on your knowledge of various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge, such as:

1. Arts and Culture
2. Contemporary events from India and around the globe

3. International Affairs
4. Historical events of continuing significance

CLAT 2025 Syllabus for GK Section

Theme of Questions

Current Affairs, News, and other non-fiction writing.

Type of Questions

450-word passages

Level of Questions

12th Standard

The General Knowledge Syllabus
of CLAT 2025 is designed to
test candidates skills in

Current events in India and around the world; arts and culture;
international affairs; and historical events of continuing significance

CLAT Exam syllabus for legal reasoning

This section involves reading passages of around 450 words, each related to scenarios and fact situations involving moral philosophical inquiries, legal matters, and public policy concerns. There will also be passages related to current or static topics/news in the field of law. There is no prior knowledge of the law required to attempt these questions. The aspirants will gain knowledge of current legal and moral issues by applying general principles to the provided fact scenarios

Each passage will be followed by a series of questions requiring you to:

CLAT important topics to cover legal reasoning section:

Below are the important CLAT topics to cover legal reasoning section of the CLAT Syllabus.

CLAT 2025 Syllabus for Logical Reasoning

This section of the UG-CLAT 2025 exam will comprise a series of short passages of about 450 words each. Each question is followed by
one or more questions requiring you to:

Read and identify the argument set out in the passage
Recognize an argument, its premises, and its conclusions.

Critically analyze patterns of reasoning, and determine how conclusions are influenced by particular premises or evidence. Besides,
altering premises or supporting facts can also strengthen or weaken conclusions

From the passage, infer what follows and apply it to new situations.
Draw analogies and relationships, identify contradictions, and assess arguments effectiveness.

CLAT Quantitative Techniques Syllabus – Key topics

Below are topics that will aid candidates in acing the CLAT Maths section and achieving a good score. The candidates are advised to review the list of CLAT colleges before attending their interview to shortlist their preferences.

UG Question Paper Format

Maximum Marks: 120
Duration of CLAT 2025 Exam: 02:00 hours
Multiple choice questions: 120 questions of one mark each
Negative Marking: 0.25 mark for each wrong answer

Subject Areas with Weightage (Approximate number of Questions)
Current Affairs, including General Knowledge
28-32 questions, or roughly 25% of the paper
English Language
22-26 questions, or roughly 20% of the paper
Legal Reasoning
28-32 questions, or roughly 25% of the paper
Logical Reasoning
22-26 questions, or roughly 20% of the paper
Quantitative Techniques
10-14 questions, or roughly 10% of the paper

Eligibility for the UG CLAT Exam

The candidates belonging to the General, OBC, NRI, PWD, PIO, and OCI categories must secure at least 45% marks.
Besides, they should also score 40% marks or equivalent in the case of candidates belonging to SCT/ST categories.

Other eligibility criteria:

CLAT 2025 is also open to aspirants appearing for their qualifying examinations in March/April 2024. The CLAT 2025 will
break ties as follows if more than one candidate secures an equal number of marks

    A higher score in CLAT 2025 s Legal Aptitude component/section;      Higher age;     Computerized draw of lots.

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