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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS ANALYSIS

25th December 2021

No.Topic NamePrelims/Mains
1.    ABOUT THE UNIFORM JUDICIAL CODE FOR HIGH COURTSPrelims & Mains
2.    DETAILS OF THE INDIAN COUNCIL OF MEDICAL RESEARCHPrelims & Mains
3.    ABOUT THE CHIEF JUSTICE OF INDIAPrelims & Mains
4.    DETAILS OF THE MIG 21 FIGHTER JETSPrelims Specific
5.    ABOUT THE GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCTPrelims Specific

 

1 – ABOUT THE UNIFORM JUDICIAL CODE FOR HIGH COURTS:

GS II

Topic – Indian Judiciary

  • In the Supreme Court, a petition was submitted to establish a “universal judicial code” for High Courts across the country to adopt a uniform set of procedures, particularly for virtual courts.
  • Advocate Ashwini Kumar Upadhyay filed a public interest litigation (PIL) petition urging the Supreme Court to take “necessary actions” to adopt a uniform method for case registration, utilize common judicial terminology, phrases, and acronyms, and make the court fee uniform.
  • It has also requested that the Law Commission of India prepare a report in this respect in conjunction with the High Courts.
  • “When it comes to categorizing distinct cases, all 25 High Courts use different language,” the petition stated.
  • The PIL argued that different High Courts have varied procedures in cases using virtual courts, which began during the pandemic.
  • The petitioner further stated that citizens were harmed because court expenses for the same sort of lawsuit varied from state to state.
  • Upadhyay contended, “Judicial equality is a constitutional right, and its differentiation based on the jurisdiction of courts breaches the right to equality.”
  • Source – The Hindu – 25/12/21 – Page Number 8

2 – ABOUT THE INDIAN COUNCIL OF MEDICAL RESEARCH:

GS II

Topic – Statutory and Non-Statutory Bodies

  • The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) is India’s highest body for biomedical research design, coordination, and promotion.
  • Its mission is to undertake, coordinate, and implement medical research for the benefit of the Society, as well as to translate medical advances into goods and processes that may be used in the public health system.
  • It is supported by the Indian government through the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare’s Department of Health Research.
  • ICMR is supported & fully funded by the Indian government.
  • It is administered by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare’s Department of Health Services (DHS) (MoH&FW).
  • The ICMR’s headquarters are in New Delhi.
  • It is neither a regulatory nor a statutory entity.
  • India’s Clinical Trials Registry is hosted by the ICMR (CTRI). It was founded on July 20, 2007.
  • It is a free, online public record system that allows clinical trials in India to be registered.
  • The clinical trial registry was voluntary until the 15th of June 2009, when the Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI) made trial registration at CTRI mandatory.
  • Importance – It encourages clinical studies to be registered before the first person is enrolled.
  • Since 1913, it has published the Indian Journal of Medical Research (IJMR).
  • The National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) was founded in 1918 as the ‘Beri Beri Enquiry’ at the Pasteur Institute in Coonoor, Tamil Nadu.
  • Sir Robert McCarrison founded the ‘Beri Beri’ investigation unit, which is today known as NIN.
  • The governing body of the ICMR is presided over by India’s Union Health Minister.
  • The Director-General of the ICMR is Prof. Balram Bhargava, the Secretary of the DHS.
  • The ICMR is made up of 27 institutes/regional medical research centers. The following table contains a list of ICMR institutes:
  • Source – The Hindu – 25/12/21 – Page Number 1

3 – ABOUT THE CHIEF JUSTICE OF INDIA:

GS II

Topic – Indian Judiciary

  • The President, in accordance with clause (2) of Article 124 of the Constitution, appoints the Chief Justice of India and the Supreme Court (SC) judges.
  • In terms of the CJI, the retiring CJI proposes his successor.
  • The recommendation is forwarded by the Union Law Minister to the Prime Minister, who then advises the President.
  • In the Second Judges Case (1993), the Supreme Court declared that the CJI should be selected only by the Supreme Court’s senior most judge.
  • The Supreme Court collegium is led by the Chief Justice of India and consists of the court’s four most senior judges.
  • The collegium system is a system of judicial appointment and transfer based on Supreme Court judgements (Judges Cases), rather than an Act of Parliament or a provision of the Constitution.
  • CJI (Master of Roster) Administrative Powers: The office is commonly referred to as primus inter pares – first among equals.
  • In addition to his adjudicatory duties, the CJI also serves as the Court’s administrative head.
  • In his administrative function, the Chief Justice has the authority to assign cases to specific benches.
  • The number of judges who will hear a case is likewise decided by the Chief Justice.
  • As a result, he can sway the decision by simply selecting judges who he believes will favor a particular outcome.
  • Such administrative powers can be exercised without the approval of the entire faculty and for no apparent cause.
  • Source – The Hindu – 25/12/21 – Page Number 4

4 – DETAILS OF THE MIG 21 FIGHTER JETS:

Prelims Specific Topic:

  • MiG 21 is a Soviet Union product that first entered service in 1959.
  • In 1963, India received full technology transfer and the authority to license-build the MiG-21 in the country.
  • It is the Indian Air Force’s first supersonic fighter aircraft.
  • In 1985, Russia ceased production of the aircraft, while India continued to operate updated versions.
  • India is expected to give three MiG fighter jets to Russia at the upcoming India-Russia bilateral summit.
  • By 2021-22, MiG-21 fighter jets will be taken out of service.
  • Tejas, an indigenous fighter plane, will replace the MiG-21, which is getting old.
  • Source – The Hindu – 25/12/21 – Page Number 8

5 – ABOUT THE GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT:

Prelims Specific Topic:

  • The gross domestic product (GDP) is the single most often used indicator of a country’s economic health.
  • It is a single number that represents the monetary value of all finished products and services produced within a country’s boundaries during a certain time period.
  • The Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation’s Central Statistics Office is in charge of macroeconomic data collection and statistical record keeping.
  • Its methods include an annual survey of industries and the creation of several indices such as the Industrial Production Index (IPI) and the Consumer Price Index (CPI) (CPI).
  • To collect and compile the data needed to calculate the GDP and other statistics, the Central Statistics Office collaborates with numerous federal and state government agencies and departments.
  • Source – The Hindu – 25/12/21 – Page Number 12

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