16th February 2022

. No. Topic Name Prelims/Mains
3.    ABOUT QUAD Prelims & Mains
4.    SVATIMVA SCHEME Prelims & Mains
5.    CENTRAL VISTA PROJECT Prelims Specific




Topic – International Relations related topics

  • With 57 members, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is the second largest international organization after the United Nations.
  • It is the Muslim world’s unified voice. In the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony among all peoples, it strives to promote and protect the interests of the Muslim world.
  • It was founded by a decision of the historical summit, which took place on September 25, 1969, in Rabat, Morocco.
  • Jeddah, Saudi Arabia is the headquarters.
  • India is not a member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC).
  • India, on the other hand, has been invited to attend the 46th Session of the Council of Foreign Ministers in 2019. The OIC is celebrating its 50th anniversary in 2019.
  • Source – The Hindu – 16th February 2022 – Page Number 1



Topic – Statutory and Non-Statutory Bodies

  • What exactly is CBI:
  • The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is India’s top investigative agency.
  • It is overseen by the Department of Personnel, Ministry of Personnel, Pensions & Public Grievances, Government of India, which is part of the prime minister’s office.
  • The Central Vigilance Commission, on the other hand, is in charge of investigations under the Prevention of Corruption Act.
  • It also serves as India’s nodal police agency, coordinating investigations on behalf of Interpol member countries.
  • It has a conviction record of 65 to 70%, which puts it on par with the greatest investigation organizations in the world.
  • The CBI is in charge of a number of cases:
  • Anti-Corruption Crimes – for the investigation of cases brought against public officials and workers of the Central Government, Public Sector Undertakings, Corporations, or Bodies owned or controlled by the Government of India under the Prevention of Corruption Act.
  • Economic Crimes – for the investigation of major financial scams and serious economic frauds, such as crimes involving Fake Indian Currency Notes, Bank Frauds, and Cyber Crime, bank frauds, Import Export & Foreign Exchange violations, large-scale narcotics, antiques, cultural property, and other contraband items, and so on.
  • Special Crimes – cases of terrorism, bomb blasts, kidnapping for ransom, and crimes perpetrated by the mafia/underworld are investigated under the Indian Penal Code and other laws at the request of state governments or on the directives of the Supreme Court and High Courts.
  • Suo Moto Cases – The CBI can only investigate offences in the Union Territories on its own initiative.
  • The CBI can be authorized by the Central Government to investigate a crime in a state, but only with the approval of the state government in question.
  • The Supreme Court and High Courts, on the other hand, have the authority to direct the CBI to investigate a crime anywhere in the country without the permission of the government.
  • Source – The Hindu – 16th February 2022 – Page Number 10



Topic – International Relations related topics

  • The Quad Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) is an informal strategic dialogue involving India, the United States, Japan, and Australia, with the goal of ensuring and supporting a “free, open, and prosperous” Indo-Pacific.
  • Shinzo Abe, the Japanese Prime Minister, proposed the Quad concept in 2007. However, the plan was thwarted when Australia withdrew, ostensibly owing to Chinese pressure.
  • Shinzo Abe presented the idea of Asia’s “Democratic Security Diamond” in December 2012, encompassing Australia, India, Japan, and the United States, to protect the maritime commons from the Indian Ocean to the western Pacific.
  • In November 2017, India, the United States, Australia, and Japan formed the long-awaited “Quad” Coalition to devise a new strategy to keep the Indo-crucial Pacific’s water routes free of foreign influence (especially China).
  • Source – The Hindu – 16th February 2022 – Page Number 10



Topic – Government Policies related issues

  • The Ministry of Panchayati Raj, State Panchayati Raj Departments, State Revenue Departments, and the Survey of India collaborated on the SVAMITVA (Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas) scheme.
  • The goal is to equip rural India with a comprehensive property validation solution.
  • It’s a plan that uses drone technology and a Continuously Operating Reference Station to map land parcels in rural inhabited regions (CORS).
  • Over the course of four years, from 2020 to 2024, the mapping will be completed in phases across the country.
  • Benefits: The approach would simplify planning and revenue collection in rural regions while also assuring property rights clarity.
  • Using the maps developed under this program, the scheme will enable the production of higher-quality Gram Panchayat Development Plans (GPDPs).
  • Gram Panchayat Development Plans (GPDP) are required by law to be prepared by Gram Panchayats for economic development and social fairness.
  • The GPDP is based on a participatory procedure that aligns with the schemes of the relevant Central Ministries/Line Departments for the 29 subjects included in the Constitution’s Eleventh Schedule.
  • Current Coverage Area: Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand are the six states where the program is currently being implemented.
  • Source – The Hindu – 16th February 2022 – Page Number 12



Topic – Parliament related issues

  • In 2019, the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs proposed a renovation proposal for Central Vista.
  • The plan for the project is to:
  • Next to the existing Parliament building, a triangular structure will be built.
  • Creating a Central Secretariat for the Common Good.
  • The 3-kilometer-long Rajpath between Rashtrapati Bhavan and India Gate is being remodeled.
  • The North and South Blocks will be turned into museums.
  • The government’s case for redeveloping Central Vista is as follows:
  • The amenities and infrastructure of the Parliament building are insufficient to satisfy current demand.
  • The Central Government’s offices are dispersed around the country, causing inter-departmental coordination issues and unnecessary travel, which contributes to congestion and pollution.
  • The majority of the existing structures have reached the end of their useful lives.
  • Located in the heart of the city, Central Vista
  • Rashtrapati Bhawan, Parliament House, North and South Blocks, India Gate, and the National Archives are all located in New Delhi’s Central Vista.
  • In December 1911, King George V announced in the Delhi Durbar (grand assembly) that India’s capital will be relocated from Calcutta to Delhi.
  • The Delhi Durbar was held to commemorate King George V’s coronation.
  • Edwin Lutyens, noted for his strong dedication to European Classicism, and Herbert Baker, a prominent architect in South Africa, were tasked with designing a new city.
  • The Union buildings in Pretoria, South Africa, were also designed by Herbert Baker.
  • Lutyens and Baker collaborated on the design of Parliament House.
  • Edwin Lutyens designed Rashtrapati Bhavan.
  • Herbert Baker designed the Secretariat, which contains both the north and south blocks.
  • Source – The Hindu – 16th February 2022 – Page Number 12