Have a question?
Message sent Close

Blog

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS ANALYSIS

18th February 2022

. No.Topic NamePrelims/Mains
1.    ABOUT THE DENGUE FEVERPrelims & Mains
2.    ABOUT THE MISSION GANGAPrelims & Mains
3.    INDIA DECLARES TO ACHIEVE NET ZERO CARBON EMISSIONS BY 2070Prelims & Mains
4.    ABOUT THE ‘BASIC’ NATIONSPrelims & Mains
5.    RESCUE GUIDE PLAN RELEASED FOR THE GANGES RIVER DOLPHINSPrelims Specific

 

  1. ABOUT THE DENGUE FEVER: 

GS II

Topic – Health related issues:

  • When do cases go up:
  • The disease has a seasonal pattern, that is, the highest number comes after rain and is not evenly distributed throughout the year.
  • Every year, from July to November, rise in dengue cases have been observed.
  • About Dengue:
  • The dengue virus is transmitted by the bite of a female mosquito Aedes (Ae.).
  • Aedes is a daytime transmitter and can fly a limited distance of 400 meters.
  • Although it usually causes minor illnesses, serious dengue diseases can sometimes be fatal.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there are 100-400 million cases of dengue each year, with worldwide cases increasing dramatically in “recent decades”.
  • Source – The Hindu
  1. ABOUT THE MISSION GANGA:

GS III

Topic – Conservation related issues & Water Conservation:

  • About the National Mission for Clean Ganga Policy Document:
  • Cities along the Ganga River will have to incorporate river conservation plans as they prepare their Master Plans.
  • These “river-resistant” systems must operate and consider entry and land ownership queries.
  • There is a need for a systematic rehabilitation program for such organizations that emphasizes alternative livelihoods in addition to the migration strategy.
  • The Master Plan should not authorize the usage of certain harmful technologies, but may “create an environment” to facilitate the use of modern technology (without naming suppliers) in river management.
  • Performance of various states:
  • Recommendations are currently for towns in the greater Ganga River region. There are 97 of them covering 5 States – Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal.
  • About the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG):
  • It was registered as a community on 12 August 2011 under the Societies Registration Act 1860.
  • It has served as an arm of the National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) established under the provisions of the Environmental Protection Act (EPA), 1986.
  • Facts about Ganga River:
  • The Ganga is the third largest river in the world by descent.
  • The mouth of the Ganga River forms the world’s largest delta, known as the Sundarbans, and it was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1997.
  • Source – The Hindu
  1. INDIA DECLARES TO ACHIEVE NET ZERO CARBON EMISSIONS BY 2070:

GS III

Topic – Conservation related issues:

  • What needs to be done à Some suggestions for India:
  • In the spirit of climate justice, rich developed countries should provide at least $ 1 billion in climate funding to help developing and high-risk countries.
  • The Principles of Equality and Common but Different Responsibilities and Critical Skills (CBDR-RC) and, recognition of the very different national conditions of countries should be respected.
  • Sustainable lifestyles in certain traditional communities should be included in the school curriculum.
  • Lessons from India’s efforts to adapt to programs such as the Jal Jeevan mission, the Swach Bharat mission and the liquor mission should be expanded globally.
  • The focus should be on climate change as much as there is mitigation.
  • Which countries have announced net-zero targets till now:
  • In 2019, the New Zealand government passed the Zero Carbon Act, which obligated the country to reduce carbon emissions by 2050.
  • The UK parliament has passed a law requiring the government to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the UK by 100 percent.
  • S. President Joe Biden has announced that the country will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by at least 50 percent below 2005 by 2030.
  • World War Zero was launched in 2019 to bring together potential partners to tackle climate change and the goal of achieving net-zero carbon emissions in the country by 2050.
  • Under the “Fit for 55” program, The European Commission has called on all 27 member states to reduce gas emissions by 55 percent below 1990 levels by 2030.
  • China has announced it will be net-zero by 2060 and that it will not allow its emissions to rise further than they are by 2030.
  • What does net-zero mean:
  • Net-zero, also called carbon-neutrality, does not mean that the country will reduce its emissions to zero. That would be gross-zero, which means reaching a state where no one is issued at all, a situation that is difficult to understand.
  • Basically, net-zero is a state in which emissions are compensated for by the absorption and removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere.
  • Source – Down To Earth
  1. ABOUT THE ‘BASIC’ NATIONS:

Prelims Specific Topic:

  • The BASIC group was formed as a result of an agreement signed by the four countries on November 28, 2009.
  • They are a group of four major developing countries – Brazil, South Africa, India and China.
  • This emerging world alliance, founded and led by China, then formed the final Copenhagen Agreement with the United States.
  • Next, the group works to define a common position on pollution reduction and climate change funding, as well as to trying to persuade other countries to sign the Copenhagen Agreement.
  • Source – The Hindu
  1. RESCUE GUIDE PLAN RELEASED FOR THE GANGES RIVER DOLPHINS:

Prelims Specific Topic:

  • The Jal Shakti Department has issued guidelines for the safe rescue and release of trapped dolphins in the Ganges River.
  • This document has been prepared by the Turtle Survival Alliance and the Uttar Pradesh Government Department of Environment, Forestry and Climate Change (EFCCD).
  • The manual has been approved by the IUCN Cetacean Specialist Group.
  • About the Ganges Dolphin:
  • The Ganges dolphin is India’s national aquatic animal.
  • It is listed as ‘endangered’ under the IUCN Red List Assessments, under Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act (1972), under Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
  • These species, estimated at 4,000 worldwide, are found mainly on the Indian subcontinent.
  • The Ganges dolphin can live only in freshwater and is invisible to the naked eye.
  • Threats:
  • Dolphins often accidentally enter the canals of northern India and cannot swim upstream.
  • They are at risk of being harmed by humans.
  • Source – The Hindu

This will close in 0 seconds

This will close in 0 seconds

This will close in 0 seconds