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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS ANALYSIS

26th February 2022

. No.Topic NamePrelims/Mains
1.    ABOUT THE AHOM FIGHTER LACHIT BORPHUKANPrelims & Mains
2.    DETAILS OF THE CHERNOBYL DISASTERPrelims & Mains
3.    ABOUT THE COUNCIL OF EUROPEPrelims & Mains
4.    DETAILS OF INDIA’S FIRST CHEETAH SANCTUARYPrelims Specific Topic
5.    ABOUT THE COBEVAXPrelims Specific Topic

 

1 – ABOUT THE AHOM FIGHTER LACHIT BORPHUKAN: 

GS I

Topic – Indian Culture

  • Context:
  • President Ram Nath Kovind recently kicked off a year-long commemoration of Lachit Borphukan, the commander of the Ahom army and a hero of Assamese nationalism, who was born 400 years ago.
  • Lachit Borphukan, who was he:
  • In the Ahom kingdom, he was a commander.
  • Known for his role in the 1671 Battle of Saraighat, which defeated a long-term attempt by Mughal forces led by Ramsingh I to take over the kingdom of Ahom.
  • On the banks of the Brahmaputra in Guwahati, the battle of Saraighat took place.
  • Since 1999, the National Defence Academy (NDA) has awarded the Lachit Borphukan gold medal to the finest graduating cadet.
  • The battle’s outcomes were as follows:
  • Many Assamese soldiers began to lose their will to fight during the final stages of the Battle of Saraighat 1671, when the Mughals attacked the Assamese army through the river in Saraighat. Lachit’s clarion cry to all the warriors inspired them to fight till their last breath, ending in the Mughals’ loss.
  • Alaboi’s Battle:
  • The Battle of Alaboi was fought between the Ahoms and the Mughals on August 5, 1669, in which the Ahoms suffered devastating defeats and hundreds of their troops were killed.
  • Source – The Press Information Bureau

2 – DETAILS OF THE CHERNOBYL DISASTER:

GS II

Topic – International Relations

  • Context:
  • Russian troops were able to capture the Chernobyl nuclear power facility in northern Ukraine after a brief but fierce combat. Chernobyl was the location of one of the greatest nuclear tragedies in human history.
  • What exactly is the Chernobyl disaster:
  • The Chernobyl disaster occurred on April 26, 1986, when reactor No. 4 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, near Pripyat in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, exploded (Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic).
  • In the three countries, over 8.4 million people were exposed to radiation.
  • It happened when a group of technicians in what was then Soviet-controlled Ukraine conducted a faulty safety test, resulting in a sequence of explosions.
  • It is reported to have emitted 400 times the amount of radiation produced by the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan.
  • So, what’s the big deal now:
  • Damage to the nuclear waste storage facility at Chernobyl, which is now under Russian authority, might result in radioactive dust spreading throughout Ukraine, Belarus, and sections of Europe.
  • Source – The Hindu

3 – ABOUT THE COUNCIL OF EUROPE:

GS I

Topic – International Relations:

  • Context:
  • After its invasion of Ukraine, Russia’s membership in the Council of Europe was suspended.
  • What exactly is the problem:
  • Russian forces have entered the Obolon region, which is fewer than 10 kilometers from Central Kyiv, the government’s center of power, in a full-fledged offensive on Ukraine.
  • Resolution condemning Russia’s stance on Ukraine:
  • India voted no on a UN Security Council resolution presented by the United States that “strongly condemns” Russia’s “aggression” against Ukraine, arguing that discussion is the only way to resolve differences and disputes.
  • The United States and Albania presented the resolution, which was co-sponsored by a number of other countries.
  • The Council reiterated its support to Ukraine’s sovereignty, independence, unity, and territorial integrity within internationally recognized borders in its resolution.
  • It requested that Russia “withdraw all of its military forces from Ukraine’s territory within internationally recognized borders immediately, totally, and unconditionally.”
  • Why did India not vote:
  • India did not support the resolution’s severe language in denouncing Russia’s actions. Because it has key partners on both sides, it aims to maintain a balance between the Western bloc led by the United States and Russia.
  • The Council of Europe is a non-governmental organization based in Strasbourg, France.
  • The Council of Europe is a non-governmental organization that was established in the aftermath of World War II to promote human rights, democracy, and the rule of law in Europe.
  • It comprises 46 member nations (including all 27 EU members), a population of around 820 million people, and a budget of approximately 500 million euros. It was founded in 1949 (Treaty of London (1949)).
  • The Palace of Europe is based in Strasbourg, France.
  • Responsibilities and roles:
  • The Council of Europe does not have the authority to enact binding legislation, but it does have the authority to enforce some international agreements established by European countries on a variety of issues.
  • Source – The Hindu

4 – DETAILS OF INDIA’S FIRST CHEETAH SANCTUARY:

Prelims Specific Topic:

  • Madhya Pradesh’s Kuno-Palpur National Park could become the country’s first cheetah sanctuary.
  • Despite the fact that the proposal to bring cheetahs to India has been in the works for over a decade, it came close to becoming a reality after the Supreme Court’s approval in January 2020.
  • Acinonyx jubatus, the cheetah, is one of the oldest big cat species, having ancestors dating back more than five million years to the Miocene epoch.
  • The cheetah is also the fastest terrestrial mammal on the planet.
  • In the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, it is classified as vulnerable.
  • In 1947, the last spotted feline in the country perished in Chhattisgarh. In 1952, the cheetah, the world’s fastest land mammal, was proclaimed extinct in India.
  • The IUCN Red List lists the Asiatic cheetah as a “critically endangered” species that is thought to only exist in Iran.
  • Source – The Hindu

5 – ABOUT THE CORBEVAX:

Prelims Specific Topic:

  • It’s the Covid-19 vaccination, which is made in India.
  • It’s a vaccination made up of “recombinant protein sub-units.”
  • It’s made up of a specific component of SARS-CoV-2, the virus’s spike protein on the surface.
  • The spike protein helps the virus to proliferate and cause sickness by allowing it to infiltrate the body’s cells.
  • When this protein is delivered to the body alone, however, it is unlikely to be damaging because the remainder of the virus is missing.
  • The injected spike protein is supposed to trigger an immunological reaction in the body.
  • Source – The Hindu

 

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