07th February 2022

 No. Topic Name Prelims/Mains
2.    ABOUT  GATI SHAKTI MISSION Prelims & Mains
3.    ABOUT THE NEBRA SKY DISC Prelims Specific
4.    HYBODONT SHARK Prelims Specific
5.    VISHNUONYX Prelims Specific




Topic – Money Laundering Related Issues

  • Who is a Fugitive economic offender:
  • A person can be named an offender under the law if there is an arrest warrant against him or her for involvement in economic offences involving at least Rs. 100 crore or more and has fled from India to escape legal action.
  • What’s the process of extradition:
  • The investigating agencies have to file an application in a Special Court under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act containing details of the properties to be confiscated, and any information about the person’s whereabouts
  • Then, the Special Court issue a notice to the person to appear at a specified place and date within six weeks from the issue of notice & proceedings shall be terminated if the person appears.
  • If the person does not appear, the person would be declared as a Fugitive Economic Offender based on the evidence filed by the investigating agencie
  • According to the Fugitive Economic Offenders Act, 2018, the person who is declared as a Fugitive Economic Offender can challenge the proclamation in the High Court within 30 days of such declaration
  • Source – The Hindu


Topic – Infrastructure related issues:

  • About PM Gati-Shakti:
  • It is a digital platform that connects 16 departments – including highways and highways, railways, shipping, petrol and gas, power, telephone, freight and aircraft.
  • It aims to ensure the overall planning and implementation of infrastructure projects.
  • Initiatives offered:
  • The site will provide 200 layers of geographical data, including existing infrastructure such as roads, highways, railways, and toll plazas, as well as geographical information about forests, rivers and regional boundaries to assist in planning and obtaining permits.
  • The site will also allow various government departments to track, in real time and in a single location, the progress of various projects, especially those that affect many sectors and regions.
  • Significance:
  • The aim is to ensure that “each department now has the visibility of each other’s activities to provide sensitive information while planning and performing tasks in a comprehensive manner.
  • In this way, the various departments will be able to prioritize their projects through inter-sectoral collaboration”.
  • It will also increase last-mile connections and reduce the cost of ordering with integrated planning and reduce startup traffic.
  • Need for:
  • Poor infrastructure planning includes newly constructed roads dug by the water department to lay pipes. This has adversely affected road infrastructure and national mobility.
  • Also, the cost of asset management in India is about 13-14% of GDP as opposed to 7-8% of GDP in the developed economy. Higher management costs property costs within the economy, and makes it more expensive for retailers to ship goods to consumers.
  • Source – Indian Express
  1. About the Nebra Sky Disc:

Prelims Specific Topic:

  • The British Museum in London has recently decided to exhibit an ancient artifact called the Nebra Sky Disc, which is considered to be the world’s oldest concrete exhibition.
  • About 3,600 years ago, this disc was traditionally buried with two swords, axes, two horizontal arm rings, and a single copper plate near Nebra in Germany.
  • The burial of these objects is thought to have taken place as a dedication to the gods.
  • Source – Science Reporter Magazine

Prelims Specific Topic

  • In a rare discovery recently, teeth of new species of hybodont sharkof the Jurassic age have been reported for the first time from Jaisalmer by a team of the Geological Survey of India (GSI).
  • Hybodonts, an extinct group of sharks, was a dominant group of fishes in both marine and fluvial environments during the Triassic and early Jurassic time.
  • They became extinct at the end of the Cretaceous time 65 million years ago.
  • Source – Down To Earth

Prelims Specific Topic

  • Researchers from the Universities of Tübingen and Zaragoza have recently discovered the fossil of a previously unknown species, which they have named Vishnuonyx neptuni,meaning ‘Neptune’s Vishnu’.
  • Between 12.5 million and 14 million years ago, Vishnuonyx, members of a genus of otters,lived in the major rivers of southern Asia.
  • Fossils of these now extinct otters were first discovered in sediments found in the foothills of the Himalayas. Now, a newly found fossil indicates it had travelled as far as Germany.
  • This is the first discovery of any member of the Vishnuonyx genus in Europe; it is also its most northern and western record till date.
  • Source – The Hindu