Have a question?
Message sent Close



23rd January 2022

 No.Topic NamePrelims/Mains
4.    CENTRAL ZOO AUTHORITYPrelims Specific
5.    ABOUT THE DLXI PROTEINPrelims Specific




Topic – Conservation related issues:

  • About the program:
  • The plan brings together the International Solar Alliance and the UK green grid system and is in line with India’s focus on solar energy use.
  • The grid will be established in the next few years by the International Solar Alliance (ISA), another Indian-approved initiative, to carry forward solar power initiatives to various countries.
  • The vision behind OSOWOG is ‘The Sun Does Not Rise’ and is always present, worldwide, at any time.
  • Implementation:
  • The Ministerial Steering Group will work to accelerate the construction of large solar power stations and wind farms in the best of locations, connected together by continental grids across national borders.
  • The Ministerial Steering Group comprises France, India, the United Kingdom and the United States, and will consist of representatives from Africa, the Gulf, Latin America, and Southeast Asia.
  • Benefits of the program:
  • With one global grid, we can access clean energy in all areas.
  • The need to conserve energy will decrease, and the efficiency of solar projects will increase.
  • India will generate 40% of energy from non-fossil fuels by 2030 and has demanded that the solar power supply be linked to the borders that provide the mantra of ‘One World One Sun One Grid’.
  • The proposed merger will result in a reduction in project costs, higher efficiency and increased asset utilization for all participating organizations.
  • This plan will only require additional investment as it will not require compatible grid infrastructure due to working with existing grids.
  • It will assist all stakeholders in attracting investment in renewable energy sources and the utilization of skills, technology and finance.
  • The effects of economic benefits can have a positive impact on poverty alleviation and support in reducing water, sanitation, food and other socio-economic challenges.
  • It will allow India’s national renewable energy management to grow as regional and international administrative institutions.
  • Source – The Hindu


Topic – Constitutional Provisions:

  • Why in News:
  • The Supreme Court held that a superior court could set aside the expected bail order if there was

sufficient evidence to suggest that matters such as the size and role of the defendants in the case

were not considered by the lower court.

  • About the Anticipatory Bail:
  • The granting of the anticipatory bail under Section 438 was introduced when the CrPC was amended in 1973.
  • Contrary to the usual bail, granted to an arrested person, on pending bail, a person is ordered to be released on bail even before arrest under the Anticipatory Bail.
  • Time frame: High Court (SC) in the case of Sushila Aggarwal v. The State of NCT of Delhi (2020) has issued a landmark decision, declaring that no time limit may be set for the expected bail application and may continue until the end of the case.
  • It is issued only by the Sessions Court and the High Court.
  • Significance:
  • The reason for the inclusion of Section 438 in the Act was the adoption by parliament of the fundamental principle of human liberty in a free and democratic country.
  • Parliament wishes to promote respect for personal freedom and allow for a higher position in the basic law of criminal justice, so that everyone is considered innocent until proven guilty.
  • Recent observations made by the Supreme Court on its use:
  • HCs and SCs are empowered to grant the accused the anticipatory bail due to the mandate that the Constitution places on the right to freedom guaranteed under Article 21.
  • The granting or refusal of an application under the CrPC directly affects the right to life and liberty of the individual.
  • Therefore, the provision needs to be read openly, and considered in its beneficial nature.
  • Courts should not read about the restrictions that the legislature did not give explicitly.
  • In doing so, the Supreme Court may exercise its jurisdiction under Article 142 of the Constitution to pass that order.
  • The need for such protection:
  • The respondent, without being a suspect, may also be the primary caregiver or sole breadwinner.
  • His imprisonment could leave his loved ones in a state of famine and neglect.
  • In the 1980 case of Gurbaksh Singh Sibbia vs State of Punjab, a five-judge panel of the Supreme Court headed by Chief Justice YV Chandrachud ruled that 438 (1) should be interpreted in accordance with Article 21 of the Constitution (protection of health and personal freedom).
  • Source – The Hindu


Topic – Conservation related issues:

  • Why in News:
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched a newly designed Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)mobile application on October 2, 2021, Gandhi Jayanti
  • The app would enable anyone to fund provision of tap water in rural parts of India.
  • About the Jal Jeevan Mission:
  • JJM envisages supply of 55 litres of water per person per day to every rural householdthrough Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC) by 2024.
  • It is under the Ministry of Jal Shakti.
  • It was launched in 2019.
  • The mission ensures:
  • Functionality of existing water supply systems and water connections.
  • Water quality monitoring and testing as well as sustainable agriculture.
  • Conjunctive use of conserved water.Drinking water source augmentation.
  • Drinking water supply system, grey water treatment and its reuse.
  • It also encompasses:
  • Prioritizing provision of FHTCs in quality affected areas, villages in drought prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
  • Providing functional tap connection to Schools, Anganwadi centres, Gram Panchayat buildings, Health centres, wellness centres and community buildings.
  • Technological interventions for removal of contaminants where water quality is an issue.
  • Implementation:
  • The Mission is based on a community approach to water and includes extensive Information, Education and Communication as a key component of the mission
  • JJM looks to create a jan andolan for water, thereby making it everyone’s priority
  • The fund sharing pattern between the Centre and states is 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States, 50:50 for other states, and 100% for Union Territories.
  • Performance of the scheme:
  • As on date, tap water supply has been provided in 772,000 (76 per cent) schools and 748,000 (67.5 per cent) anganwadi centres.
  • Prelims Hot-Link:
  • Mission goal.
  • Fund allocation
  • Source – The Indian Express

Prelims Specific Topic:

  • Why in the News:
  • Vision Plan (2021-2031) for Indian Zoos has just been released.
  • The vision plan aims to develop Indian zoos and strengthen the Central Zoo Authority (CZA).
  • About the Central Zoo Authority (CZA):
  • It is the official body that controls zoos in India.
  • It was founded in 1992.
  • The main objective of the Authority is to complement and strengthen national efforts to conserve the country’s rich ecosystem, especially wildlife, in line with the 1998 Zoo policy.
  • Key activities:
  • It enforces the minimum standards and practices for the protecting and caring of animals.
  • Every zoo in the country needs to get CZA recognition for its set-up and functioning.
  • Source – The Indian Express

Prelims Specific Topic:

  • Researchers have found that the genetic code (DLX1) plays a key role in the growth of the jaw, bone, and interneuron in the brain plays a vital role in the growth and development of prostate cancer.
  • Source – The Down To Earth Website


This will close in 0 seconds

This will close in 0 seconds

This will close in 0 seconds