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02 JUNE 2022

. No. Topic Name Prelims/Mains
3.    DETAILS OF THE NCLAT Prelims & Mains




Topic – Statutory and Non-Statutory Bodies

  • About the NCPCR:
  • The Commission for the Protection of Child Rights Act of 2005 was established in March 2007.
  • It operates under the Ministry of Women and Child Development’s administrative supervision.
  • A child is described as a person who is between the ages of 0 and 18.
  • The mandate of the Commission is to ensure that all laws, policies, programs, and administrative mechanisms are consistent with the Child Rights perspective as embodied in the Indian Constitution and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
  • The NCPCR has the following authority under the RTE Act of 2009 to:
  • Inquire into any reports of legal violations.
  • Subpoena a person and demand proof.
  • Obtain a magisterial investigation.
  • In the High Court or Supreme Court, file a writ petition.
  • contact the relevant government to request that the perpetrator be prosecuted.
  • Recommend that individuals who have been affected receive interim relief.
  • Composition of NCLAT:
  • There is a chairperson and six members on this panel, at least two of whom should be women.
  • They are all nominated by the central government for a three-year term.
  • The Chairman can serve in the commission until he is 65 years old, and members can serve until they are 60 years old.
  • Committees for the Protection of Children:
  • Child Welfare Committees (CWCs) are to be formed by the State Government for each district, according to Section 27(1) of the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 (JJ Act), to exercise the powers and discharge the duties conferred on such Committees in relation to children in need of care and protection under the JJ Act, 2015.
  • The committees’ composition is as follows:
  • The Committee will be composed of a Chairperson and four additional members appointed by the State Government, one of whom must be a woman and another must be an expert on children’s issues.
  • Conditions for eligibility:
  • The Chairperson and members must be at least 35 years old and have at least seven years of experience working with children in the fields of education, health, or welfare activities, or they must be a practicing professional with a degree in child psychology, psychiatry, social work, sociology, or human development, or a retired judicial officer.
  • Source – The Hindu



Topic – Internal Security related issues 

  • About the NSG:
  • The National Security Guard (NSG) is a counter-terrorism squad established in 1986 by an act of Parliament known as the ‘National Security Guard Act, 1986.’
  • The idea for such a force arose in the aftermath of Operation Blue Star (an Indian military action carried out in 1984 to remove militant religious leaders from the Golden Temple in Amritsar), the Akshardham Temple attack, and the assassination of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi for ‘combating terrorist activities with a view to protect states against internal disturbances.’
  • It is a task-oriented force that reports to the Ministry of Home Affairs and consists of two complimentary elements:
  • Composition of NSG:
  • The Special Action Group (SAG), which is made up entirely of Army troops, is the NSG’s main offensive or striking wing.
  • Personnel from the Central Armed Police Forces/State Police Forces make up Special Ranger Groups (SRG). They are usually in charge of VIP security.
  • The Minister of Home Affairs selects and appoints the head of the NSG, known as the Director General (DG).
  • Objectives of NSG:
  • It has always adhered to the motto ‘Sarvatra, Sarvottam, Suraksha,’ with a concentration on its primary idea of quick strike and fast withdrawal from the battlefield.
  • As a Federal Contingency Force, the National Security Guard has been tasked with dealing with all aspects of terrorism in any section of the country.
  • The NSG is equipped to carry out counter-terrorist operations on land, sea, and air, as well as bomb disposal (searching for, detecting, and neutralizing IEDs), Post-Blast Investigation (PBI), and hostage rescue missions.
  • Because of their black uniforms and black cat insignia, NSG members are frequently referred to as Black Cat Commandos in the media.
  • Operations carried out by NSG:
  • Operation Black Thunder is a military operation that takes place in the United (Golden Temple, Amritsar, 1986 & 1988)
  • Operation Ashwamedh is a military operation that takes place in India (Indian Airlines Flight-IC427 hijacking, India, 1993)
  • Vajra Shakti or Operation Thunderbolt (Akshardham Temple attack, Gujarat, 2002)
  • Black Tornado is a military operation that takes place in the United States (Mumbai Blasts, 2008)
  • Source – The Hindu


Prelims Specific Topic

  • About:
  • The Companies Act of 2013 was used to form the company.
  • Functions:
  • It hears appeals from the following orders:
  • The National Creditors’ Litigation Tribunal (NCLT) was established in 2016 under Section 61 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC).
  • Sections 202 and 211 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) are used by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India.
  • India’s Competition Commission (CCI).
  • Composition:
  • After consultation with the Chief Justice of India, the President of the Tribunal, as well as the chairperson and judicial members of the Appellate Tribunal, will be chosen.
  • The Tribunal Members and Technical Members will be nominated based on the recommendations of a Selection Committee that includes:
  • Chairman: Chief Justice of India or his nominee.
  • Member: a senior Supreme Court judge or a Chief Justice of the High Court.
  • Member of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs’ Secretariat.
  • Member of the Ministry of Law and Justice’s Secretary.
  • Member of the Ministry of Finance’s Department of Financial Services Secretary.
  • Eligibility:
  • Chairperson — Must be or have been a Supreme Court judge or the Chief Justice of the High Court.
  • Judicial Member – Is or has been a High Court judge or a judicial member of a tribunal for at least 5 years.
  • Technical member– A person of demonstrated skill, honesty, and standing who has at least 25 years of special knowledge and expertise (in specified areas).
  • Term:
  • The chairperson and members have a 5-year term of office and can be reappointed for another 5-year term.
  • Source – The Hindu


Prelims Specific Topic

  • What exactly is a PMI:
  • The Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is a measure of business activity in the manufacturing and service industries.
  • It is a survey-based measure that inquires about changes in respondents’ perceptions of important business variables from the previous month.
  • It is calculated individually for the manufacturing and service sectors before being combined to form a composite index.
  • How is PMI calculated:
  • A set of qualitative questions are used to calculate the PMI. Executives from a large sample of companies (hundreds) are asked to judge whether key indicators such as output, new orders, business forecasts, and employment were greater than the previous month.
  • What is the best way to read the PMI:
  • A number greater than 50 indicates that company activity is increasing. Anything less than 50 indicates a contraction.
  • The larger the deviation from the midpoint, the more the expansion or contraction.
  • Comparing the PMI to the previous month’s data can also be used to determine the rate of expansion.
  • If the number is higher than the previous month’s, the economy is growing more quickly.
  • It is expanding at a slower rate if it is lower than the prior month.
  • What are the economic ramifications:
  • The PMI is normally released at the beginning of each month, well ahead of the majority of official data on industrial output, manufacturing, and GDP growth.
  • As a result, it is regarded as a good leading predictor of economic activity.
  • Economists regard the PMI’s measurement of manufacturing growth as a solid predictor of industrial production, for which official numbers will be issued later.
  • Many countries’ central banks use the index to help them make interest rate decisions.
  • What does this entail in terms of the financial markets:
  • The PMI is also used to predict corporate earnings and is actively monitored by investors and bond markets.
  • A good reading improves an economy’s appeal in comparison to a competitive economy.
  • Source – The Hindu


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