Have a question?
Message sent Close

Blog

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS ANALYSIS

01 March 2022

 No.Topic NamePrelims/Mains
1.    DETAILS OF THE MULTI AGENCY CENTRE AGAINST TERRORISMPrelims & Mains
2.    ABOUT THE WESTERN DISTURBANCESPrelims & Mains
3.    ABOUT THE GALWAN VALLEYPrelims & Mains
4.    DETAILS OF THE KALADEO NATIONAL PARKPrelims Specific Topic

 

1 – DETAILS OF THE MULTI AGENCY CENTRE AGAINST TERRORISM: 

GS III

Topic – Internal Security related issues 

  • About the Multi Agency Centre Against Terrorism:
  • The platform is used by 28 organizations, including the Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW), the military forces, and state police, and it allows different security agencies to share real-time information feeds.
  • For more than a decade, there have been plans to connect the system to the district level.
  • According to a senior government official, the mechanism exists to communicate information among several agencies, but it is not being used efficiently.
  • “States are frequently hesitant to share data on the platform.
  • There are various gaps in releasing essential information at the proper time which need to be fulfilled in order to effectively fight terrorism in India.
  • Source – The Hindu

2 – ABOUT THE WESTERN DISTURBANCES:

GS I

Topic – Geography

  • What is Western Disturbance:
  • It is an extra tropical storm that originates in the Mediterranean region and brings heavy winter rains to the Indian subcontinent’s northwestern regions.
  • The westerlies drive a non-monsoonal precipitation pattern.
  • Extratropical storms are a global phenomena that carry moisture in the high atmosphere, as opposed to their tropical counterparts, which carry moisture in the lower atmosphere.
  • When a storm system hits the Himalayas, moisture is sometimes released as rain on the Indian subcontinent.
  • How Western Disturbances are caused:
  • Western Disturbance is caused by extratropical cyclones that form in the Mediterranean Sea.
  • A high-pressure area forms over Ukraine and the surrounding region, allowing frigid air from the Polar Regions to enter an area of somewhat warmer air with significant moisture.
  • This encourages the formation of an eastward-moving extratropical depression by creating favourable circumstances for cyclogenesis in the upper atmosphere.
  • They make their way across the Middle East, passing via Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan on their way to the Indian subcontinent.
  • Impact:
  • Plays a key role in bringing moderate to heavy rain to low-lying portions of the Indian Subcontinent, as well as heavy snow to mountainous areas.
  • Cloudy skies, warmer night-time temperatures, and unexpected rain are frequently linked with this disturbance.
  • This precipitation is critical in agriculture, particularly for Rabi crops.
  • Wheat is one of the most significant crops that contributes to India’s food security.
  • Crop damage, landslides, floods, and avalanches can all be caused by excessive precipitation caused by this disturbance.
  • It brings cold waves and dense fog to the Indo-Gangetic plains on occasion.
  • Until another western disturbance disrupts the situation, these circumstances will remain stable.
  • A transient advancement of monsoon current develops across the region when western disturbances sweep across northwest India before to the onset of monsoon.
  • Source – The Hindu

3 – ABOUT THE GALWAN VALLEY:

Prelims Specific Topic

  • Context:
  • It’s been a year since the armed forces of China and India clashed in Galwan.
  • Background:
  • India and China share a 3,440-kilometer-long (2,100-mile-long) border with overlapping territory claims.
  • At three sites along the Line of Actual Control in 2020, Indian and Chinese soldiers were embroiled in a tense standoff – the Galwan River Valley, the Hot Springs area, and the Pangong Lake.
  • Even while India and China held military-level negotiations and engaged in controlled engagement, a major clash involving army personnel from both sides occurred in the Galwan Valley in Eastern Ladakh.
  • The strategic significance of the Galwan River Valley (GRV) is as follows:
  • The Galwan River is the highest ridgeline, allowing the Chinese to control the Shyok route, which runs along to the river.
  • It is located near Aksai Chin, a disputed area claimed by India but controlled by China, on the western side of the LAC.
  • Why have tensions in this area suddenly risen:
  • India is attempting to build a feeder road between Darbuk-Shyok Village with Daulat Beg Odi (DS-DBO road).
  • This road follows the Shyok River and is the most important communication link between LAC and the rest of the world.
  • As a result, the Chinese were desperate to retain this territory, fearing that the Indian side may use the river valley to threaten their position on the Aksai Chin plateau.
  • Source – The Hindu

4 – DETAILS OF THE KALADEO NATIONAL PARK:

Prelims Specific Topic

  • About:
  • It is located in the Bharatpur district of Rajasthan, in the eastern section of the state.
  • The park covers about 30 square kilometers and includes numerous artificial and seasonal ponds.
  • Keoladeo is home to a variety of migratory birds who use it as a breeding and wintering habitat.
  • It is a Ramsar site as well as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • The Siberian crane is a rare bird that was last seen in this area before the turn of the century.
  • It is home to roughly 365 different bird species, including raptors and waterfowl.
  • The terrain is home to jackals, sambars, nilgais, wild cats, hyenas, wild boar, porcupine, and mongoose.
  • About the Ramsar Convention:
  • The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an intergovernmental convention on wetlands.
  • It establishes a framework for wetlands conservation and judicious utilization of their resources.
  • In 1971, the Convention was signed in the Iranian city of Ramsar, and it went into effect in 1975.
  • Since then, about 90% of UN member states from all geographic regions of the world have agreed to become “Contracting Parties.”
  • All lakes and rivers, underground aquifers, swamps and marshes, wet grasslands, Peatlands, oases, estuaries, deltas and tidal flats, mangroves and other coastal areas, coral reefs, and all human-made sites such as fish ponds, rice paddies, reservoirs, and salt pans are included in the Convention’s definition of wetlands.
  • Source – The Hindu

This will close in 0 seconds

This will close in 0 seconds

This will close in 0 seconds