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29th October 2021

S. No. Topic Name Prelims/Mains
1.    About the CAATSA Law of UPSC Prelims & Mains
2.    Plea filled for internal polls in political parties Prelims & Mains
3.    About the Sabarmati Ashram Prelims & Mains
4.    About the World Gold Council Prelims Specific
5.    Name of Facebook’s Parent Company changed to ‘Meta’ Prelims Specific
6.    China is building military base in Tajikistan Prelims Specific


  1. About the CAATSA Law of UPSC:


Topic – International Relations:

  • Why in the News:
  • Prominent lawmakers in USA continue to express their support for the lifting of sanctions on India by USA for purchasing the S-400 missiles from Russia.
  • What is the problem:
  • India is likely to get the delivery of the S-400 missile in November, which is likely to open US sanctions under the 2017 law, Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA).
  • What is CAATSA, and how did the S-400 agreement violate this Act:
  • The Countering America’s Adversaries through Sanctions Act (CAATSA)’s main objective is to oppose Iran, Russia and North Korea with punitive measures.
  • It was released in 2017.
  • It includes sanctions against countries involved in key trade with Russia’s defence and intelligence industry.
  • What is the S-400 air defense missile system? Why does India need it:
  • The S-400 Triumf is a Russian-to-air (SAM) missile system designed by Russia.
  • It has the world’s most fierce SAM System (MLR SAM), thought ahead of the US advanced Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) program.
  • Prelims Hot-Link:
  • Powers of the US president under CAATSA.
  • Types of sanctions that can be imposed.
  • Important defence agreements between India and Russia.
  • An overview of the Iran Nuclear agreement.
  1. Plea filled for internal polls in political parties:


Topic – Election related issues:

  • Why in News:
  • The High Court of Delhi has asked the Electoral Commission to respond to a request to inform about the modelling process of the internal elections in all political parties.
  • The High Court order issued an application urging the Electoral Commission to make the internal voting compulsory for all parties who wish to register under Section 29-A of the Representation Act.
  • Need for in-party voting:
  • In 1996, the EC issued a letter to all national and state political parties as well as other non-registered parties stating that the various provisions related to the party’s internal elections were not followed by them and urged them to adhere to their electoral policies carefully.
  • Despite this there has been a lack of EC control in the internal elections of political parties.
  • Current Challenges and Concerns:
  • The multi-party internal elections “are often an eye-opener for political families affiliated with the parties that are said to continue to rule as the top leadership of the said party”.
  • Background:
  • 2,598 registered political parties in the country have their own distinctive mark provided by the commission.
  • Effects of the petition:
  • The timing of the application is important, given the internal turmoil in Congress over the Rajasthan and Punjab issues, as well as the internal elections postponed due to the Covid-19 epidemic.
  • Prelims Hot-Link:
  • Registration of Political Parties.
  • Who is the star campaigner?
  • Section 324 of the Constitution of India.
  • Section 29A of RPA 1951.
  • Source – https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/hc-seeks-ec-response-on-plea-for-internal-polls-in-political-parties/article37210280.ece
  1. About the Sabarmati Ashram:


Topic – Modern Indian History:

  • Why in the News:
  • Mahatma Gandhi’s grandson, Tushar Gandhi, has filed a lawsuit in Gujarat High Court against Gujarat Government’s ₹ 1,200-crore rehabilitation program in Ahmedabad.
  • Problems with the project:
  • The redevelopment plan includes expanding its area from 5 to 55 hectares by relocating residents to nearby areas.
  • According to Tushar Gandhi, the plan completely contradicts Mahatma Gandhi’s wishes.
  • Stand of the government:
  • The Gujarat government is adamant that it will not alter or transform any building into an ashram facility.
  • All precious buildings will be restored according to Gandhian morals.
  • About Sabarmati Ashram:
  • Mahatma Gandhi founded this ashram and lived there from 1917 to 1930.
  • It was from this place that Gandhi led the Dandi march also known as the Salt Satyagraha on 12 March 1930.
  • Originally known as the Satyagraha Ashram, which depicts the Mahatma’s movement, rhis Ashram became the home of many liberating ideals that finally liberated India.
  • Source – https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/mahatma-gandhis-great-grandson-moves-court-against-sabarmati-ashram-revamp/article37206782.ece
  1. About the World Gold Council:

Prelims Specific Topic:

  • It is an organization to develop the market for the gold industry.
  • It applies to all sectors of the industry, from gold mining to investment, and its purpose is to promote and sustain the demand for gold.
  • It is an organization whose members include the world’s leading gold mining companies.
  • It is headquartered in the UK, they have offices in India, China, Singapore, Japan and the United States.


  1. Name of Facebook’s Parent Company changed to ‘Meta’:

Prelims Specific Topic:

  • The name of the parent company of Facebook is now changed to “Meta”.
  • Facebook, Instagram and WhatsApp will keep their names under rebranding.


  1. China is building military base in Tajikistan:

Prelims Specific Topic:

  • China will take full control of Tajikistan’s military base near the Afghan border that has been operating silently and will rebuild the new Tajikistan military base.
  • The new base will be owned by Tajikistan’s Rapid Reaction Group or special forces, and will be funded by China at a cost of $ 10 million.
  • It will be located in the eastern province of Gorno-Badakhshan province near the mountains of Pamir, and Chinese troops will not be stationed there.
  • Russia and India are among the countries that already have troop bases in Tajikistan.


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