UNIT-I : GENERAL SCIENCE
- Scientific Knowledge and Scientific temper – Power of Reasoning
- – Rote Learning Vs Conceptual Learning – Science as a tool to understand the past, present and future.
- Nature of Universe – General Scientific Laws – Mechanics – Properties of Matter, Force, Motion and Energy – Everyday application of the basic principles of Mechanics, Electricity and
- Magnetism, Light, Sound, Heat, Nuclear Physics, Laser, Electronics and Communications.
- Elements and Compounds, Acids, Bases, Salts, Petroleum Products, Fertilizers,
- Main concepts of Life Science, Classification of Living Organisms, Evolution, Genetics, Physiology, Nutrition, Health and Hygiene, Human
- Environment and
UNIT-II: CURRENT EVENTS
- History – Latest diary of events – National symbols – Profile of States – Eminent personalities and places in news – Sports – Books and
- Polity – Political parties and political system in India – Public awareness and General administration – Welfare oriented Government schemes and their utility, Problems in Public Delivery
- Geography – Geographical
- Economics – Current socio – economic
- Science – Latest inventions in Science and
UNIT- III: GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA
- Location – Physical features – Monsoon, rainfall, weather and climate – Water resources – Rivers in India – Soil, minerals and natural resources – Forest and wildlife – Agricultural
- Transport –
- Social geography – Population density and distribution – Racial, linguistic groups and major
- Natural calamity – Disaster Management – Environmental pollution: Reasons and preventive measures – Climate change – Green
UNIT – IV: HISTORY AND CULTURE OF INDIA
- Indus valley civilization – Guptas, Delhi Sultans, Mughals and Marathas – Age of Vijayanagaram and Bahmani Kingdoms – South Indian
- Change and Continuity in the Socio – Cultural History of
- Characteristics of Indian culture, Unity in diversity – Race, language, custom.
- India as a Secular State, Social
UNIT-V: INDIAN POLITY
- Constitution of India – Preamble to the Constitution – Salient features of the Constitution – Union, State and Union
- Citizenship, Fundamental rights, Fundamental duties, Directive Principles of State
- Union Executive, Union legislature – State Executive, State Legislature – Local governments, Panchayat
- Spirit of Federalism: Centre – State
- Election – Judiciary in India – Rule of
- Corruption in public life – Anti-corruption measures – Lokpal and LokAyukta – Right to Information – Empowerment of women – Consumer protection forums, Human rights
UNIT-VI: INDIAN ECONOMY
- Nature of Indian economy – Five year plan models – an assessment – Planning Commission and Niti Ayog.
- Sources of revenue – Reserve Bank of India – Fiscal Policy and Monetary Policy – Finance Commission – Resource sharing between Union and State Governments – Goods and Services
- Structure of Indian Economy and Employment Generation, Land reforms and Agriculture – Application of Science and Technology in agriculture – Industrial growth – Rural welfare oriented programmes – Social problems – Population, education, health, employment, poverty.
UNIT-VII: INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT
- National renaissance – Early uprising against British rule – Indian National Congress – Emergence of leaders – B.R.Ambedkar, Bhagat Singh, Bharathiar, V.O.Chidambaranar, Jawaharlal Nehru, Kamarajar, Mahatma Gandhi, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Thanthai Periyar, Rajaji, Subash Chandra Bose and
- Different modes of Agitation: Growth of Satyagraha and Militant movements.
- Communalism and
UNIT- VIII : History, Culture, Heritage and Socio - Political Movements in Tamil Nadu
- History of Tamil Society, related Archaeological discoveries, Tamil Literature from Sangam age till contemporary
- Thirukkural : (a) Significance as a Secular literature
- Relevance to Everyday Life
- Impact of Thirukkural on Humanity
- Thirukkural and Universal Values – Equality,
- Humanism, etc
- Relevance to Socio – Politico – Economic affairs (f ) Philosophical content in Thirukkural
- Role of Tamil Nadu in freedom struggle – Early agitations against British Rule – Role of women in freedom
- Evolution of 19th and 20th Century Socio-Political movements in Tamil Nadu – Justice Party, Growth of Rationalism – Self Respect Movement, Dravidian movement and Principles underlying both these movements, Contributions of Thanthai Periyar and Perarignar Anna.
UNIT – IX : Development Administration in Tamil Nadu
- Human Development Indicators in Tamil Nadu and a comparative assessment across the Country – Impact of Social Reform movements in the Socio – Economic Development of Tamil
- Political parties and Welfare schemes for various sections of people – Rationale behind Reservation Policy and access to Social Resources – Economic trends in Tamil Nadu – Role and impact of social welfare schemes in the Socio – economic development of Tamil
- Social Justice and Social Harmony as the Cornerstones of Socio – Economic
- Education and Health systems in Tamil
- Geography of Tamil Nadu and its impact on Economic
- Achievements of Tamil Nadu in various
- e-governance in Tamil