Philosophy paper 1

story and Problems of Philosophy

1.Plato and Aristotle: Ideas; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality.
2.Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz): Cartesian Method and Certain Knowledge; Substance; God; Mind-Body Dualism; Determinism and Freedom.
3.Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume): Theory of Knowledge; Substance and Qualities; Self and God; Scepticism.
4.Kant: Possibility of Synthetic a priori Judgments; Space and Time; Categories; Ideas of Reason; Antinomies; Critique of Proofs for the Existence of God
5.Hegel: Dialectical Method; Absolute Idealism
6.Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols; Picture Theory of Meaning; Saying and Showing.
7.Logical Positivism: Verification Theory of Meaning; Rejection of Metaphysics; Linguistic Theory of Necessary Propositions.
8.Later Wittgenstein: Meaning and Use; Language-games; Critique of Private Language.
9.Phenomenology (Husserl): Method; Theory of Essences; Avoidance of Psychologism.
10.Existentialism (Kierkegaard, Sartre, Heidegger): Existence and Essence; Choice, Responsibility and Authentic Existence; Being-in-the –world and Temporality.
11Quine and Strawson: Critique of Empiricism; Theory of Basic Particulars and Persons.
12.Ca-rva-ka : Theory of Knowledge; Rejection of Transcendent Entities.
13.Jainism: Theory of Reality; Saptabhan(ginaya; Bondage and Liberation.
14.Schools of Buddhism: Prati-tyasamutpa-da; Ksanikavada, Naira-tmyava-da
15Nya-ya- Vais’esika: Theory of Categories; Theory of Appearance; Theory of Prama-na; Self, Liberation; God; Proofs for the Existence of God; Theory of Causation; Atomistic Theory of Creation.
16.Sa-mkhya: Prakrti; Purusa; Causation; Liberation
17.Yoga: Citta; Cittavrtti; Klesas; Samadhi; Kaivalya.
18.Mima-msa-: Theory of Knowledge
18.Schools of Veda-nta: Brahman; I-s’vara; A-tman; Jiva; Jagat; Ma-ya-; Avidya-; Adhya-sa; Moksa; Aprthaksiddhi; Pancavidhabheda
20.Aurobindo: Evolution, Involution; Integral Yoga.

Philosophy paper 2

cio-Political Philosophy

1.Social and Political Ideals: Equality, Justice, Liberty.
2.Sovereignty: Austin, Bodin, Laski, Kautilya.
3.Individual and State: Rights; Duties and Accountability
4.Forms of Government: Monarchy; Theocracy and Democracy.
5.Political Ideologies: Anarchism; Marxism and Socialism
6.Humanism; Secularism; Multiculturalism.
7.Crime and Punishment: Corruption, Mass Violence, Genocide, Capital Punishment.
8.Development and Social Progress.
9.Gender Discrimination: Female Foeticide, Land and Property Rights; Empowernment.
10.Caste Discrimination: Gandhi and Ambedkar
Philosophy of Religion:

1.Notions of God: Attributes; Relation to Man and the World. (Indian and Western).
2.Proofs for the Existence of God and their Critique (Indian and Western).
3.Problem of Evil.
4.Soul: Immortality; Rebirth and Liberation.
5.Reason, Revelation and Faith.
6.Religious Experience: Nature and Object (Indian and Western).
7.Religion without God.
8.Religion and Morality.
9.Religious Pluralism and the Problem of Absolute Truth.